13 Fruit and Vegetable Varieties to Direct Seed in May

Spring has sprung, and in case you’re a gardener, that implies that the time has come to roll up your sleeves, don your overalls and solar hats, and get right down to enterprise. We all know how time will be, flying by, after which earlier than you recognize it, the hotter months are right here and also you haven’t had time to start out your seeds for that vegetable backyard but.

In case you’re operating a bit behind, don’t fear an excessive amount of as a result of there are many veggies that want to be direct sown. Many of those greens have stems or roots which might be fragile, which implies that transplanting can disrupt their progress and depart you with sub-par outcomes.

Could and June are nice months for direct seeding vegetable gardens, particularly for these residing north of hardiness zone 7, the place the bottom is nonetheless warming up by these early spring months. Earlier than you escape your seed trays, let’s speak about some greens that may be straight sown within the month of Could and into June.

Bush Beans

Bush Beans are a superb warm-weather crop that grows rapidly and enriches the soil.
  • Soil Temperature: 65°F
  • Seeding Fee: Sow 1”-2” deep, each 2”-4”, house rows 18”-36”
  • Begin Indoors in These Zones: 3-5
  • Begin Outdoor in These Zones: 6-10

An ideal starter vegetable crop, bush beans will be grown by rookies and skilled gardeners alike. Bush beans are a warm-weather crop.

They carry out finest when temperatures attain a spread of 65°-85°F, which units Southern states squarely within the month of Could, whereas in additional Northern states with cooler climates, June is a perfect month to drop some Bush Bean seeds into the bottom.

Bush beans are a sort of bean that germinates rapidly and simply, and so they develop quick, so there isn’t any want to start out them indoors. They’re nicely suited to backyard beds, raised beds, and containers alike, and they’re nitrogen fixers, so they assist to counterpoint the soil for different vegetation.


Close-up of freshly picked Contender bean pods on a wooden table. Bean pods are elongated, thin, slightly curved, pale green in color. The pods are smooth and have a slightly hard texture. Inside, the pods contain several seeds enclosed in a thin, edible shell.
Contender is a disease-resistant number of Bush Bean with massive, stringless pods that matures rapidly in 50 days.

Named for its skill to compete with the perfect of the beans, Contender is a disease-resistant number of bush beans with massive, stringless pods.

Taking solely 50 days to mature, in case you get these within the floor by mid-Could, they are going to be ripe for the 4th of July cookouts.

Blue Lake 274

Close-up of a growing Blue Lake 274 bean bush in the garden. The bush is low, has beautiful wide leaves, bright green in color, oval in shape with narrowed tips. Bean pods are long, thin, pale green in color and covered with a thin shell.
Blue Lake 274 is a flavorful and delicate number of inexperienced beans that yields plump, clean white pods.

These tasty inexperienced beans are nice in case you’re searching for one thing a bit extra delicate and flavorful. This selection produces plump, scrumptious pods with clean white beans in about 58 days. In case you decide them promptly, these beans are stringless, and they’re additionally illness resistant.

Gold Rush

Close-up of a growing Gold Rush bean bush in a sunny garden. The bush has large, wide leaves, dark green in color, oval in shape with narrowed tips. Bean pods are long, thin, creamy yellow in color.
Gold Rush beans are visually hanging with their creamy golden hue, making them straightforward to identify and harvest.

These fairly beans stand out in a area of inexperienced. The creamy golden hue of Gold Rush beans makes them straightforward to reap. I’m all the time a fan of the unconventionally coloured kinds of veggies.

They actually elevate a meal with their uniqueness. Gold Rush retains very nicely on the vine and is a good selection for freezing.

Summer time Squash

Close-up of a growing Summer Squash in a garden. The plant has thick green stems, slightly hairy, and ripening fruits with beautiful orange-yellow flowers at the tips. The fruits are large, elongated, cylindrical, with a glossy pale green skin with dark green stripes. The fruits are also covered with fine hairs.
That is an easy-to-grow vegetable with a young, buttery taste.
  • Soil Temperature: 70°F
  • Seeding Fee: 18”-24” aside, 4’-5’ between rows
  • Begin Indoors in These Zones: 3-5
  • Begin Outdoor in These Zones: 6-10

Summer time squash is one summer season vegetable that’s straightforward to develop and will be ready in lots of great methods. I’ve by no means met a squash casserole I didn’t like.

Squash vegetation actually produce an distinctive harvest and require little or no care. They germinate rapidly, and inside weeks, you should have beautiful golden squash blossoms popping up all around the backyard.

Additionally sometimes known as zucchini (though zucchini is particular to the inexperienced varieties), summer season squash is harvested whereas it’s immature. This ensures that the rind is comfortable and tender, so that they don’t have to be cooked to loss of life to get pleasure from their delicate buttery taste. Immediately sow these seeds from late Could by early June for late summer season perfection.

Emerald Delight

Close-up of a growing Emerald Delight zucchini in the garden. The plant has a large elongated fruit, cylindrical in shape, with a glossy dark green skin with tiny pale green speckles.
Emerald Delight zucchini is a inexperienced and classic-looking selection that matures in beneath 60 days.

Because the title suggests, this selection is inexperienced and has a traditional zucchini look. They are often prepared to reap in slightly below 60 days, but when left on the vine longer, they’ll proceed to develop till they’re fairly massive.

Powdery mildew is a standard drawback when rising squash, however these great veggies are immune to it, together with a number of different widespread illnesses.

Early Straightneck

Close-up of a growing Emerald Delight zucchini in the garden. The plant has large, long stems with large, wide, lobed, dark green leaves with slightly serrated edges. The fruits are large, elongated, pear-shaped, bright yellow.
Early Straightneck is a yellow Summer time Squash that’s wealthy in nutritional vitamins C and A.

I’m a fan of yellow summer season squash myself. One thing about that cheerful colour lets me know that I’m undoubtedly satisfying my vitamin C requirement for the day, and don’t neglect about vitamin A! These veggies comprise loads of each.

These tender squash are prepared to select in simply 45 days for smaller, softer squash, however you can even depart them on the bush for an enormous harvest in late summer season.


Close-up of growing lettuce in rows in the garden. The plant has a beautiful lush rosette of large, loose, densely packed leaves. The leaves are smooth, glossy green.
Lettuce is a flexible and nutrient-rich vegetable important for any vegetable backyard.
  • Soil Temperature: 60-65°F
  • Seeding Fee: 2-3 seeds per gap, 4” aside for leaf lettuce, 6”-8” for romaine and butterhead. 12”-18” between rows.
  • Begin Indoors in These Zones: 2-6
  • Begin Outdoor in These Zones: 7-11

No vegetable backyard is full with out a wide range of lettuce. Whether or not you like a pleasant crisp salad or want a buttery lettuce leaf in your burgers, lettuce is an amazingly versatile vegetable that packs an enormous nutrient and hydration punch.

Lettuce tends to be inclined to pests due to its candy, tender leaves, however with a bit further care, it’s a fast-growing crop with nice potential.

I like to develop lettuce and different greens in a vertical, stacked planter just like the Greenstalk 7 Tier vertical planter. Lettuce turns a vertical planter right into a tower of tastiness and takes up a lot much less backyard house this fashion. Direct sowing is really useful for all lettuce varieties.

Little Gem Romaine

Close-up of a growing Little Gem Romaine lettuce in the garden. It is a compact lettuce variety that forms small dense heads with crispy, sweet and slightly nutty leaves. The leaves are rounded, elongated, bright green in color with a wrinkled texture.
It is a resilient and candy romaine selection that matures in simply 20 days.

Little Gem mini-romaine has the resilience of romaine and the sweetness of a butterhead, all wrapped in a crunchy little package deal.

This tasty lettuce will be harvested in 20 days and will be harvested repeatedly as all romaine lettuce can. Merely minimize the leaves off, and the plant will develop again for a second spherical of crisp deliciousness.

Black Seeded Simpson Leaf

Close-up of a growing Black Seed Simpson Leaf lettuce in the garden. This variety of lettuce is known for its large and tender leaves. The leaves of Black Seed Simpson are bright green and have a smooth texture with ruffled, wavy edges.
Black Seeded Simpson Leaf lettuce is a flavorful and heat-tolerant selection with frilly leaves and a crinkled texture.

In case you’re searching for a fast-growing selection that has numerous taste and may deal with the warmth of summer season, Black Seeded Simpson is ideal. This full-sized leaf lettuce selection has hanging, frilly leaves and a enjoyable crinkled texture.

Child greens will be harvested in weeks, and full heads are prepared to reap in simply over a month. It is a lettuce that you simply’ll come again to yr after yr for its reliability of taste in addition to a excessive germination fee.

Marvel of 4 Seasons Butterhead

Close-up of a growing Marvel of 4 Seasons Butterhead lettuce in a garden bed. It forms loose heads of soft and oily leaves. The leaves have a wonderful combination of green and reddish hues, and a shriveled texture.
Marvel of 4 Seasons Butterhead is a French number of lettuce with cranberry-colored leaves.

You would possibly need to depart this beautiful French number of Butterhead within the floor only for seems to be. The cranberry-colored leaves are simply so lovely it’s onerous to see them go.

Nevertheless, they’re equally as scrumptious, with a creamy, delicate taste and the tender texture of its sort. Hold this selection moist in the summertime, and you should have a gradual provide of contemporary lettuce even within the hottest months.

Rouge d’Hiver Romaine

Close-up of a growing Lettuce Rouge d'Hiver Romaine in a garden bed. It has elongated lettuce heads with dark red outer leaves and a lighter green inner core. The leaves are elongated, oval, with slightly serrated edges towards the base.
Rouge d’Hiver Romaine is a French heirloom selection with nice chilly tolerance.

That is one other French heirloom selection that makes an exquisite late summer season crop. It has nice chilly tolerance in order that it may be planted nicely into the cooler months with little concern of freezing.

The crunchy leaves will blush a deeper purple in cool climate, making this one other fabulous deal with to eat and take a look at.

New Purple Fireplace Leaf

Top view, close-up of a growing Lettuce New Red Fire Leaf lettuce. Lettuce has large rounded smooth leaves with curly and ruffled edges growing in rosettes. The leaves are bright green with bright pink margins.
This heat-tolerant lettuce selection has extended taste, engaging ruffled leaves, and crimson edges.

New Purple Fireplace Leaf is likely one of the most heat-tolerant kinds of leaf lettuce. It’s gradual to bolt, so it stays flavorful for a very long time, and in case you neglect to reap straight away, you’ll be able to nonetheless keep away from your crop turning bitter.

The ruffled leaves are inexperienced within the coronary heart with pretty crimson edges that make a terrific garnish and actually costume up a plate.


Close-up of a growing Cilantro in the garden against a blurred background. Cilantro has erect, thin stems with broadly lobed green leaves.
Cilantro, a herb with a polarizing style, provides an important contact to dishes like salsa and avenue tacos.
  • Soil Temperature: 55-68°F
  • Seeding Fee: ¼” deep, 6” aside
  • Begin Indoors in These Zones: 2-6
  • Begin Outdoor in These Zones: 7-11

Find it irresistible or hate it, cilantro is a well-liked herb by many gardeners. Some individuals really feel it tastes a bit soapy, however in case you adore it, then a very good salsa or avenue taco is incomplete and not using a wholesome dose of this leafy inexperienced.

I’m within the latter group, and I adore it on chili, in salsa and guacamole, or blended with purple onions on high of tender carnitas.

Cilantro has an extended faucet root, so direct sowing is really useful and will be executed by the tip of spring. Germination takes about 5-10 days. I additionally like to let cilantro bolt within the backyard as a result of the flowers are lovely and a pollinator favourite.

Lengthy-Standing Santo

Close-up of a growing Long Standing Santo in a garden against a blurred background. Cilantro has small, broadly lobed leaves at the base of the plant and thin pinnate leaves above.
It is a flavorful and slow-bolting selection that may be harvested unexpectedly or regularly.

Lengthy-Standing Santo is a large-leafed selection with a ton of taste. It’s gradual to bolt, so you’ll be able to enable it to mature for a big harvest or take cuttings little by little, and this selection will preserve its taste and tenderness. This makes a terrific container plant with engaging, bushy foliage.

Moroccan Cilantro

Top view, close-up of a growing Moroccan Cilantro. The plant has small, broad-lobed, bright green leaves.
It is a nice selection for harvesting coriander seeds, because it bolts early.

Cilantro additionally goes by one other title, Coriander, which suggests using seeds as a spice. Moroccan Cilantro is nice for harvesting the seeds because it bolts early, attracts pollinators to assist it alongside, and produces massive, flavorful seed pods early within the season. A culinary marvel!

Rainbow Carrots

Close-up of a woman's hands holding a bunch of freshly picked Rainbow Carrots, in a sunny garden. Carrots have elongated, conical roots in various colors of orange, purple, and pale yellow. From the tops of root crops grow long thin stems with thin strongly dissected green leaves.
Rainbow carrots are visually interesting, bigger in measurement, candy, and crunchy, making them good for roasting.
  • Soil Temperature: 45-85°F
  • Seeding Fee: 2-3 seeds per gap, ¼” deep, 6-12 seeds per foot.
  • Begin Indoors in These Zones: finest direct sown
  • Begin Outdoor in These Zones: 3-10

I’m a sucker for a reasonably plate of greens, and ever since I found rainbow carrots, I can’t resist roasting up a batch of those great root veggies to go together with a Sunday pot roast. Rainbow carrots are a mix of varied shades of yellow, orange, and white, in a bigger measurement than the common coloured carrot. They’re marvelously candy and crunchy.

Give these veggies a little bit of shade within the afternoon for a bountiful fall harvest, or wait till late summer season to plant, and also you’ll have colourful carrots in time for Thanksgiving.


Close-up of growing Cantaloupes in a vertical garden. Cantaloupe has large, broad, dark green leaves with slightly wavy edges. The fruits are large, rounded, with a strongly structured rough skin of pale green color with dark green dots.
Cantaloupes are straightforward to develop however require heat soil for germination and have to be stored moist after planting.
  • Soil Temperature: 70-95°F
  • Seeding Fee: Sow seeds 3” aside ½” deep and skinny to strongest seedlings as soon as they’re 2” tall, 6’-8’ between rows
  • Begin Indoors in These Zones: Finest Direct Seeded
  • Begin Outdoor in These Zones: 4-10

Melons are a summertime staple, and cantaloupes are exceptionally straightforward melons to develop.

These melons carry out finest when direct seeded, and so they want the soil to be a minimum of 70°F for germination to happen.

Cantaloupes want the soil to stay moist throughout germination, so give them loads of water within the first week after planting. Cantaloupes have shallow root methods. A skinny layer of mulch will assist defend weak roots and maintain moisture.

Melon vines is usually a bit fragile, so strive to not jostle them round an excessive amount of. Many weeds will compete with cantaloupes for vitamins, so attempt to preserve the weeds to a minimal. Mulch will turn out to be useful on this means as nicely.

Minnesota Midget

Close-up of a cut Minnesota Midget Cantaloupe fruit on a wooden table, against a blurred green garden background. The fruit has a thick, rough, orange-colored skin with structured, irregular, pale cream-colored streaks that create a loose pattern. The flesh is bright orange.
Minnesota Midget Cantaloupes are a small and candy selection that grows nicely in scorching climate.

This scrumptious selection produces very candy and tender melons solely 4” in diameter. They’re scorching climate lovers and take about two months from germination to reap.

Minnesota Midget Cantaloupes are edible to the rind, with little or no waste left over. I all the time battle to complete an entire melon in a single sitting, however these candy little melons are the right measurement!

Last Ideas

In case you haven’t gotten a head begin in your seed germinating indoors this yr, there isn’t any want to fret a few less-than-fantastic summer season vegetable harvest. With so many tasty veggies and fruits that want to be straight sown, you’ll be able to nonetheless get began on time and have a bountiful harvest all through the summer season months and into the autumn. Strive a few of these scrumptious and delightful varieties for a profitable and flavorful vegetable backyard.

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