Planting a terrarium is considered one of my favourite weekend gardening initiatives. You get to curate a tiny backyard in a glass, choosing your favourite vegetation and inserting them in any manner you select. There are such a lot of thrilling configurations and distinctive designs to attempt that it’s unattainable to get bored.
Terrarium environments are very explicit. It’s important to select a plant that not solely suits in a small house however can be pleased within the atmosphere it creates. Fortunately, there are lots of choices, relying on the type of terrarium you need to plant.
Polka Dot Plant
Hypoestes phyllostachya is likely one of the hottest vegetation for closed terrariums, and for good cause. Remaining comparatively compact, this leafy plant can simply match into enclosed areas and appreciates the excessive humidity ranges terrariums present.
However the actual spotlight of the polka dot plant is obvious in its widespread identify. The leaves characteristic uniquely noticed foliage in a variety of brilliant colours. Spotty pink cultivars are a private favourite, including a pop of coloration to your terrarium that’s robust to seek out in different vegetation.
Fittonia spp. is comparable in look and progress behavior to the polka dot plant and is commonly utilized in terrariums for its engaging foliage. Nonetheless, relatively than sporting spotty leaves, the nerve plant has brilliant and contrasting veins that immediately stand out amongst different greenery.
Varieties with brilliant white veins have the starkest look, however you may as well discover Fittonias with purple veins and even pink-tinted leaves. Pair them with a pink polka dot plant for an attention grabbing and colourful terrarium show.
Chinese language Cash Plant
Pilea peperomioides is known amongst houseplant lovers for its rounded leaves, giving it different comical widespread names like pancake plant or UFO plant. Its upright progress behavior and love of moisture and excessive humidity make it a terrific candidate for bigger terrariums, standing tall above creeping vines or moss.
The simplest strategy to get a Chinese language cash plant right into a terrarium – particularly one with a small opening – is to make use of a pup. Pilea peperomioides produces tiny variations of the mother or father plant that emerge from the soil. As soon as these pups have their very own roots, snap them off and plant them in a terrarium to fill out.
There are a number of ferns to select from for one thing a bit of extra delicate in comparison with the Chinese language cash plant. Adiantum raddianum, generally referred to as the maidenhair fern, is right for taller terrariums with loads of overhead house to fill.
The skinny inexperienced leaves are densely packed alongside slender stems. They arch gracefully and command consideration. As they love loads of moisture, a closed terrarium is an ideal residence for these vegetation. A terrarium stands out as the reply should you’ve struggled to maintain them alive as common houseplants because of dry air or rare watering.
String of Hearts
This plant is an ideal Valentine’s Day reward! The lovely Ceropegia woodii, generally referred to as string of hearts, options tiny heart-shaped leaves that crawl alongside the soil floor or dangle outdoors the sides of open terrariums.
As string of hearts is a semi-succulent plant, the roots favor dry soil to extra moisture. They develop finest in open terrariums with different succulents planted in well-draining sandy substrates. Extra moisture across the roots can result in rot, affecting all different vegetation in your terrarium.
Peace within the House
Generally referred to as child’s tears or peace within the residence, Soleirolia soleirolii is an ideal candidate for shorter terrariums with out a lot house above the soil line. This plant kinds a inexperienced carpet of lovely leaves that can rapidly fill gaps.
These vegetation have a repute for being difficult to maintain alive. I’ve broken a couple of because of incorrect care and circumstances, overwatering them and protecting them in a spot with an excessive amount of shade. The soil ought to keep persistently moist however not soggy. That and loads of brilliant oblique mild will maintain them pleased for years.
A part of the identical genus because the Chinese language cash plant, Pilea cadierei is unattainable to overlook and the star of the present in any terrarium. The spotlight of this plant is the silver-striped foliage, therefore the aluminum within the identify. It’s also referred to as watermelon pilea as a result of the leaves resemble watermelon pores and skin.
Since aluminum vegetation are taller, it’s finest to make use of them as central characteristic vegetation in bigger terrariums. Place them in a spot with numerous brilliant oblique solar to point out off the shimmery foliage.
Epipremnum aureum is a houseplant must-have for a lot of causes. When planted in terrariums, their robust nature and skill to thrive nearly anyplace are high of thoughts. These vines are extremely resilient and develop rapidly in nearly any atmosphere, filling out bigger terrariums with plenty of foliage.
Because of their reputation, there are lots of completely different cultivars to select from, together with the traditional golden pothos and variegated favorites like ‘Marble Queen.’ Don’t overwater them (particularly in closed terrariums); you’ll have nearly assured success.
Of the numerous houseplants I’ve grown in my lifetime, peperomias have been the primary to steal my coronary heart and make me a real collector. There may be a lot selection between species that they typically don’t even look associated. With choices in several shapes, colours, and textures, you’re certain to discover a peperomia you love.
The smaller species are finest for terrariums. Look out for the compact Peperomia caperata for fascinating coloration and texture or Peperomia rotundifolia to path near the soil. In the event that they’re in the proper atmosphere, you could even be fortunate sufficient to see them flower.
The widespread identify of Pellaea rotundifolia already describes how lovely this fern is. The lovable button-shaped leaves seem on lengthy, delicate fronds, including a real jungle really feel to your terrariums.
This species grows to round 12 inches tall, remaining compact and appropriate for planting in a closed terrarium. It’s also fairly a gradual grower, taking time to settle into a brand new house. It thrives within the moist and high-humidity atmosphere of a closed terrarium.
If you consider members of the Ficus genus, small and compact is just not probably the primary phrase to come back to thoughts. Most species are towering bushes that develop to ceiling peak indoors, such because the well-known fiddle leaf fig. However Ficus pumila – with a particular epithet which means ‘dwarf’ – is an outlier supreme for a terrarium.
This vine is a superb various to ivy, climbing up partitions and different backyard buildings. However you may as well maintain it contained by popping it in a closed terrarium, the place it is going to rapidly fill empty soil gaps. It’s also possible to connect it to brighten items of wooden or rocks for a extra inventive characteristic inside your terrarium.
Streptocarpus sect. Saintpaulia is often referred to as African violet. The identify comes from its purple blooms and native African origins. The lovely fluffy leaves and their means to flower reliably indoors have made African violets a houseplant staple for many years.
As African violets stay compact, they’re supreme characteristic vegetation for terrariums. You’ll want to observe moisture ranges rigorously, because the fluffy leaves can develop unpleasant spots, and the bottom can rapidly rot within the improper circumstances. With some further consideration, you possibly can flip your African violet into an ornamental assertion that flowers nearly all 12 months spherical.
Miniature orchid doesn’t describe a single plant however relatively a bunch of orchid species with smaller flowers and a compact mature dimension. This smaller stature permits them to squeeze into terrariums, the place their gorgeous flowers can shine.
Orchid care might be difficult, however it isn’t laborious with a couple of suggestions. Excessive humidity will assist epiphytic miniature orchids thrive and flower for months. However you’ll have to be cautious concerning the potting medium you choose, filling the terrarium with unfastened orchid bark or just attaching the roots to a bit of wooden. Additionally, select a terrarium with a large opening to keep away from damaging any present flower spikes.
Silver Sparkle Pilea
There may be some confusion across the classification of this plant. Often labeled Pilea glauca, you might also see it beneath the names Pilea libanensis, silver sparkle pilea, and even Pilea aquamarine. It doesn’t matter what you name it, there isn’t any confusion about its means to develop in your terrarium.
When grown as a houseplant, Pilea glauca has tiny silver leaves that cascade over the edges of a container. You’ll be able to trim a couple of stems to root inside your terrarium or fill the complete factor with one massive plant. This versatility additionally makes them appropriate for tiny terrariums or any inventive initiatives.
String of Turtles
String of turtles is one other member of the Peperomia genus (Peperomia prostrata), however this species is so lovely and becoming for terrariums that it deserves its personal part. The lengthy vines produce cute rounded leaves with a sample that appears identical to a turtle shell – a terrific ornamental characteristic for smaller terrariums.
Very like Pilea glauca, the simplest strategy to plant string of turtles in a terrarium is to trim off particular person vines and root them. That is particularly useful in case you have a glass with a slender opening that’s robust to suit bigger vegetation via.
Chlorophytum comosum is likely one of the hottest houseplants for learners, recognized for its means to adapt and thrive in numerous circumstances. It’s not often a primary alternative for terrariums, however in case you have an present plant with tiny pups prepared for planting, they will simply squeeze into smaller containers for rooting.
Though they’re pleased in excessive humidity, spider vegetation are typically higher suited to open terrariums with common watering. In the event you plant in a closed terrarium, water sparingly and be careful for indicators of rot, which might rapidly unfold to different vegetation.
Dwarf Arrowhead Vine
The Syngonium genus is understood for giant shield-shaped leaves and vigorous progress – not supreme for terrariums. Fortunately, there’s an lovely dwarf selection to avoid wasting the day. Syngonium podophyllum ‘Pixie’ is the proper cultivar for terrarium planting, with smaller leaves however the identical mottled coloration and form we all know and love.
Moreover advantages in dimension, dwarf arrowhead vine is adaptable and tolerant of neglect. They develop finest in brilliant oblique mild but additionally deal with low mild in small areas.
If a singular texture is what you want in your terrarium, look no additional than Microsorum musifolium. This plant is named crocodile fern for the scaly patterns on its fronds. That, mixed with its compact dimension and love of excessive humidity, make this fern a terrarium must-have.
Whereas they love moisture, crocodile ferns hate sitting in soggy soil. Make sure the substrate is well-draining, and by no means add an excessive amount of water to the container, particularly when planting in a closed terrarium. These gradual growers tolerate small areas and thrive in medium to brilliant oblique mild.
Earlier than you begin imagining huge watermelon vegetation in tiny glass terrariums, we’re not speaking concerning the edible watermelon vine. Moderately, the species good for terrarium progress is Pellionia pulchra, generally referred to as watermelon vine for its uniquely variegated leaves.
Watermelon vine might be robust to seek out and has a repute for being fussy. They’ll’t dwell with out excessive humidity and hate adjustments of their atmosphere. Fortunately, watermelon vines are content material in a terrarium’s persistently excessive humidity.
Dischidia is a splendidly low-maintenance genus of vegetation intently associated to Hoyas. They aren’t as well-known as their plant cousins, however their ease of progress makes them nicely price including to your houseplant assortment.
Dischidia vines typically sport compact leaves that make a terrific addition to open terrariums. The leaves do maintain some moisture, making them delicate to rot when overwatered. These vegetation are supreme trailing species for open terrariums, pairing nicely with taller succulents to fill within the gaps.
With an enormous selection in form, coloration, and dimension, it’s straightforward to discover a begonia you’ll fall in love with. The colourful patterned leaves stand out in terrariums, with the attractive blooms as an added bonus in the proper circumstances.
These tropical vegetation love heat and high-humidity environments like those created by closed terrariums. Some species are extra delicate to overwatering than others, so control moisture ranges to keep away from damaging the roots early on.
Prayer plant is the widespread identify for a number of houseplants, however we’re specializing in these within the Maranta genus. Marantas are straightforward to determine for his or her colourful and patterned leaves that just about don’t look actual till you stand up shut.
These vegetation come from the tropics, matching terrarium environments nicely. The one concern to handle is dimension, because the leaves can develop into fairly massive. Use them because the central plant in a big terrarium, planting with lower-growing vines to stop overcrowding.
Just a few vegetation within the Philodendron genus are well-suited to terrarium planting. Nonetheless, Philodendron micans are on the high of my record. The leaves of this species are extremely eye-catching and have a velvety sheen not typically seen in terrarium vegetation.
Philodendrons are recognized for being low-maintenance, and this species is not any completely different. Plant in a big terrarium, ideally with an ornamental piece of wooden or low opening to permit the climbing or cascading vines to shine.
Alocasias have slowly climbed to the highest of houseplant favourite lists due to their patterned leaves and distinctive progress habits. Whereas most cultivars are far too massive to suit right into a terrarium, ‘Bambino’ has a lot smaller leaves that keep compact whereas including the colourful aptitude of different Alocasia species.
‘Bambino’ is a cultivar of Alocasia amazonica with deep inexperienced leaves and contrasting white veins. The colour is intensified in brighter mild, changing into nearly black and heightening the distinction. For these on the lookout for drama of their terrarium design, that is the way in which to get it.
‘Fluffy Ruffles’ Sword Fern
The final fern on the record is arguably essentially the most lovely, particularly in its identify. ‘Fluffy Ruffles’ is a cultivar of Nephrolepis exaltata with a standard identify that completely describes the ruffled fronds. In contrast to common sword ferns that develop fairly massive, ‘Fluffy Ruffles’ sticks to an lovely 12 inches, simply becoming into closed terrariums.
Houseplant growers typically discover these vegetation difficult to maintain pleased. However the excessive humidity and common moisture in a closed terrarium will do many of the give you the results you want. High it off with brilliant oblique mild, and also you’ll haven’t any hassle rising this plant.
Mosses are nearly important in terrariums, masking the soil with inexperienced progress and creating that woodland look most individuals are after. Cushion moss is a terrarium staple, with smooth leaves that stick low to the bottom and complement taller vegetation.
Leucobryum glaucum doesn’t unfold a lot or take over, making preliminary placement key. For intricate initiatives, you possibly can separate it into clumps for planting or cowl the soil with a big patch and watch it thrive.
Spikemoss is just not technically a real moss, however it actually appears to be like (and grows) like one. This species, scientifically Selaginella kraussiana, develops tiny fern-like leaves that unfold alongside the bottom. They’re helpful groundcovers or houseplants however are most frequently utilized in terrariums.
Excessive humidity is the one situation required for fast progress, which might be achieved by planting in a closed terrarium. Past that, brilliant oblique mild and constant moisture will assist the fragile leaves look lush year-round.
Sphagnum moss has quite a lot of makes use of within the backyard, however it’s often dried or used as a soil modification (peat moss). Typically ignored, dwell sphagnum moss is an excellent addition to any closed terrarium. It could be robust to seek out, however it’s price a purchase order if you may get your arms on some.
Moisture is crucial to maintain this plant alive. Common watering and excessive humidity will cease it from drying out, so pair it with vegetation which might be equally pleased in wetter environments.
This relative of Selaginella kraussiana is called peacock spikemoss for its gorgeous blue-green hue. With a while to settle in, the leaves will kind a dense iridescent mat in a coloration not typically seen in terrariums.
Selaginella uncinata is remarkably robust, dealing with low mild and waterlogged soil nicely. Use it as a characteristic plant in an ornamental terrarium or as a floor cowl round taller vegetation – it is going to stand out irrespective of the place it’s planted.
In contrast to peacock spikemoss, Dicranum scoparium is a real moss. It has a captivatingly smooth texture you can’t assist however contact, so it’s in all probability higher left locked away in a closed terrarium. It’s nice for masking open filth patches, attaching to many alternative soil varieties, and thriving with loads of moisture.
This species is named temper moss for its considerably fussy nature. It’s not supreme for forgetful waterers because it dries rapidly and loses coloration. However a closed terrarium will assist maintain moisture locked in, serving to preserve the proper circumstances.
A lot of the vegetation beforehand talked about are appropriate for closed terrariums. Now, let’s transfer on to these solely reserved for open terrariums.
Though the idea of an “open terrarium” is up for debate (terrariums are often, by definition, sealed), these glass preparations have develop into common for succulent or epiphytic vegetation that may’t deal with enclosed environments. Air vegetation are considered one of them.
Tillandsias add an architectural aptitude to glass containers, particularly when hooked up to a creative piece of driftwood. Place your artwork piece on ornamental gravel inside your container, and also you’ll create eye-catching residing décor that solely wants an occasional misting and brilliant mild to thrive.
Of all of the succulents in the marketplace, species within the Echeveria genus are these most frequently utilized in open terrariums. They’re beloved for his or her compact geometric kinds in grey-green or purple-pink hues, pushing out lovely flowers in the proper circumstances.
As succulents are liable to rot, it’s important to plant them in a well-draining succulent combine and to layer your terrarium to maintain extra moisture away from the bottom. As foolish as it could really feel, I like to make use of a straw to water across the roots as wanted, avoiding any probabilities of rot which will kill the plant.
Crassula ovata is extremely robust – one of many the explanation why it’s a common succulent for rising indoors. It adapts to completely different environments nicely, doesn’t thoughts decrease mild ranges, and has a structural look that you simply don’t typically see in terrariums.
The first challenge is dimension. Jade vegetation will develop fairly massive if given the house indoors and might develop even bigger outside. Fortunately, they do develop comparatively slowly, permitting you to maintain smaller vegetation in massive terrariums for some time earlier than they have to be moved.
Haworthias are sometimes referred to as zebra cactus for his or her spiky and striped look. There are lots of fascinating species to select from, with every remaining compact and simply becoming into smaller open terrariums.
Haworthias produce small plantlets as they unfold, supreme for propagation. When you have an present plant in a container or in your backyard, sometimes pull off the pups for planting in terrariums. Like echeverias, they want sandy soil and minimal watering to thrive.
String of Pearls
Houseplant lovers love string succulents as a result of they’ve a better tolerance for decrease mild ranges. Curio rowleyanus stays some of the common, producing delicate dangling pearls that look nice anyplace.
In case your open terrarium has a low opening, string of pearls is nice for planting on the sting to hang around the edges. Pair it with taller succulents and maintain it in a brilliant space to cease the areas between leaves from stretching.
Hens and Chicks
The Sempervivum genus contains compact vegetation with a structural and geometric look nice for open terrariums. The widespread identify comes from the small pups the plant produces across the base, supreme for trimming off and planting in new terrariums.
To assist brief sempervivums stand out, cowl the soil with a layer of contrasting ornamental gravel. This improves aesthetics and provides to the gritty and well-draining circumstances the vegetation favor.
The earlier succulent choices (bar Crassula ovata) keep low to the bottom. They appear finest in shorter glasses. For tall open terrariums with loads of overhead house to fill, you’re higher off selecting one thing like Kalanchoe tomentosa.
This species is often referred to as the panda plant, with equally lovely cultivar names like ‘Chocolate Soldier’ and ‘Teddy Bear.’ The fluffy texture of the leaves solely provides to the attract, making each essential.
The ultimate entry on the record is considered one of my all-time favorites – Sedum morganianum. It’s generally referred to as burro’s tail or donkey’s tail, and it’s not laborious to see why. Succulent leaves cowl the vines so tightly you can’t see the stem, making it look identical to a group of tails.
Like string of pearls, plant this species in a terrarium the place the vines can hang around of the opening. Water sparingly and provides them loads of mild to cease the stems from stretching and leaves from dropping.
In the event you’re considering of planting a closed or open terrarium, there are certain to be a couple of choices on this record that fit your fashion. Be sure to tailor the soil combine and care to the sorts of vegetation you’re rising to assist them thrive in these distinctive environments.