Growing Lion’s Mane Mushrooms At Home

Whether or not you wish to use a Lion’s Mane Mushroom Equipment, or whether or not you wish to try rising lion’s mane mushrooms with your personal substrate, you might be certain to be rewarded. I really like utilizing contemporary lion’s mane as a meat substitute, or just to get pleasure from their taste as it’s. Having a inventory to drag from at house is unimaginable, particularly as a result of they’ve so many well being advantages!

Rising lion’s mane is a bit more troublesome than rising different mushrooms like oyster mushrooms or shiitake mushrooms. However irrespective of the strategy we focus on right here, you are able to do it. We’ll focus on all of the methods you’ll be able to develop your personal lion’s mane mushrooms, from inoculation, via harvest, and even into incorporating the leftover substrate in your backyard. 

So let’s dive in so you’ll be able to develop lion’s mane mushrooms as quickly as potential!

About Lion’s Mane Mushrooms

href=”” goal=”_blank” rel=”nofollow”>Supply: gailhampshire

Lion’s Mane is among the mostly cultivated mushrooms in the marketplace at the moment. Hericium erinaceus’ distinctive fuzzy texture resembles a pom-pom. This white, furry-looking mass shouldn’t be solely prized in cooking, it’s used as a medicinal mushroom all around the world. The lions mane mushroom has been generally used to deal with anxiousness, despair, irritation, and digestive points. 

To make use of them for drugs, you want skilled information about extract the compounds and an in-depth understanding of dosages. Earlier than taking any lion’s mane dietary supplements, seek the advice of your physician. Likelihood is you’re right here to study rising them for meals anyway. 

Lion’s mane mushrooms develop in deciduous wooded areas of Europe, North America, China, and Japan. They like to stay in oak, beech, sycamore, maple, and walnut timber. You’ll see them within the wild throughout temperate seasons and climates. The spores connect themselves to fallen branches and use their vitamins from the substrate to develop as much as 1 pound per fruiting physique.

Rising Lion’s Mane Mushrooms Through Equipment or No?

Do you’ve expertise inoculating mushrooms? If that’s the case, creating your personal substrate might be higher than working with a package. You may already know the way to make sure a big contemporary lion’s mane harvest. If you create your personal substrate for the lion’s mane mycelium, you have to sterilize it to make sure no undesirable or poisonous molds don’t infiltrate. In a package, that course of is already accomplished and all you must do is get the colony began.

Another excuse to get a package: working with bulk substrate and a liquid tradition might be troublesome for brand spanking new growers. Whether or not you select wooden chips and grain spawn, or sawdust spawn in a specific rising container, in a package, all of that is arrange for you. You don’t have to select or develop a lion’s mane spawn. Regular indoor temperatures with humidity maintained by a twig bottle is sufficient. 

In the end, no matter you resolve to do ought to be greatest suited to your state of affairs. For those who’d like slightly extra of a problem, you’ll be able to develop lion’s mane mushroom in a substrate you created. Whereas rising lion’s mane is tougher than rising different mushrooms, likelihood is you’ll be happy with the outcomes whichever method you go.   

Indoor Versus Outside Rising

With a package, or if you wish to develop mushrooms in mushroom rising luggage, your mushroom rising journey can happen both indoors or outdoors. Nonetheless, hardwood logs typically depend on the contemporary air trade outside may assist your mushrooms mature extra naturally. 

Climate circumstances are an necessary consideration in the event you aren’t rising lion’s mane indoors. Within the wild, you’ll discover logs rising lion’s mane in temperate climates. You gained’t see any fruit in circumstances that aren’t between 60°F and 85°F (about 15°C to 30°C). 

You want an area that’s a minimum of 80% humid always too. In deciduous, temperate forests these circumstances happen naturally, and the identical goes for sure out of doors areas. Indoors you could want to switch circumstances, or create a fruiting chamber the place these circumstances are managed.   

Lion’s Mane Mushroom Substrates

Harvested lions mane mushrooms
As soon as harvested, lion’s mane mushrooms are a tasty culinary deal with. Supply: stu_spivack

Whereas it may appear that the wooden from deciduous timber talked about above may be the one substrate you could develop lion’s mane mushrooms in, that’s not the case! Right here we’ll cowl two substrates you need to use to develop lion’s mane at dwelling. Notice {that a} sawdust-grown lion’s mane mushroom can have a barely extra bitter taste than one grown in a log.

Hardwood Sawdust

Create your personal fruiting blocks and develop in luggage with hardwood sawdust pellets and livestock feed. Seasoned growers suggest oat bran or wheat bran, with wheat being the preferable nitrogen-boosting meals for the mycelia. A hardwood fruiting block wants the correct mixture of the 2 above elements and the correct amount of moisture. You’ll make 5 kilos of substrate by combining 5 cups of hardwood pellets, 1 ¼ cups of wheat or oat bran, and about 1.4 Liters or ⅓ of a gallon of water. 

Alternatively, use a mastermix. Make your very personal spawn by combining laborious wooden sawdust with soy hulls in a 1:1 ratio. Grasp’s combine is nice for brand spanking new mushroom growers as a result of it’s extra dependable than a bulk substrate, and soy hulls can be found yr spherical. Relatively than scrambling for oat or wheat forage, you need to use grasp’s combine. 

After you’ve measured every of your elements, mix the water to the hardwood pellets in a big bowl or container. Combine them till the pellets break down considerably to the feel of sawdust. Then add the wheat or oat bran and distribute it evenly all through the water and sawdust combination.  

Add your substrate to your rising bag. Whilst you can inoculate in jars, that’s a fancy course of that’s too wealthy to cowl right here. For those who’re working with a big spawn bag, you’ll be able to in all probability match all of the substrate inside. Most smaller luggage can match wherever between 1 and three kilos of substrate. 

Then fold the luggage and affix a filter that forestalls undesirable molds from coming into and colonizing the substrate. There are firms that promote specialised filters, however you’ll be able to create one from flashspun high-density polyethylene fibers, or a reduce sq. from a painter’s go well with. Place it in between the folded areas of the bag’s sides. Then fold the bag a couple of occasions to maintain it closed.

Sterilize the substrate contained in the bag with a course of like pasteurization, or stress canning. To pasteurize the substrate, submerge your complete bag in sizzling water for a minimum of an hour or two. In any other case, place your complete bag in a stress cooker, and fill with water as much as just under the highest of the bag. Place a warmth resistant plate on prime of the luggage and stress prepare dinner them for two ½ hours.  

Logs From Hardwood Timber

In nature, lion’s mane mushrooms develop in fallen hardwood logs of oak, beech, sycamore, maple, and walnut timber. Any of those are appropriate for rising lion’s mane at dwelling, although most guides recommend utilizing maple, oak, and birch for long run initiatives, whenever you’re producing a number of flushes in a single substrate.

Shorter time period initiatives for rising lion’s mane might be achieved in oak, chestnut, black walnut, or elm logs. If you select a log, make sure you’ve picked one which isn’t inexperienced, and isn’t already colonized by one other fungus. Use logs which have a minimum of a foot of diameter. 

Have one of many above timber at dwelling? Trim off a big department in winter, and dry it on a raised floor for wherever from 1 to three months. The objective with this drying course of is to make sure you have slightly below 50% moisture within the log – sufficient to assist the fruit of lion’s mane fungus. 

Preserve the log away from firewood, brush, or different decaying matter to maintain the sanitary. 

One other necessary rule of thumb is to maintain the log off of direct daylight however in an space the place pure rainfall can moisten it. Regardless that rising in logs is a a lot slower course of, you’ll be capable to harvest mushrooms for as much as six years from the time they first fruit. 

Inoculating Your Lion’s Mane Mushrooms

Closeup of lion's mane
A closeup of a lion’s mane mushroom. Supply: Paul Comstock

Now that we’ve mentioned the suitable substrates for various methods to develop lion’s mane, let’s speak about inoculating your shrooms. For those who’ve grown oyster mushrooms earlier than, you could discover lion’s mane is barely tougher. Nonetheless, even a newbie can sort out rising lion’s mane mushrooms, particularly in the event that they select to work with a commercially made spawn.  

Inoculating in Hardwood Sawdust

Assuming you’ve acquired the spores to inoculate your substrate, you’ll be able to inoculate your sawdust develop blocks after you’ve allowed them to chill down for a minimum of 8 hours in the event you’ve stress sterilized it. Then you’ll be able to add lion’s mane grain spawn to the bag, and shake to evenly distribute it. 

Then place your rising bag in a properly ventilated space. In skilled settings, growers use a laminar circulate hood. Nonetheless, most dwelling growers don’t want this, and a easy glovebox or dealing with the substrate with mylar gloves is sufficient to preserve the substrate sterile. 

Baker’s cabinets are wonderful storage on your lion’s mane mushrooms as they colonize the substrate and fruit. Present a fan close by to maintain the air transferring, and a humidifier to maintain the humidity at 80%. For those who’re utilizing a package, they’re specialised to develop on counter tops, and also you gained’t want greater than a well-ventilated space and a twig bottle. 

Inoculating in Logs From Hardwood Timber

For those who select to make use of logs over hardwood gas pellets, make sure you’ve allowed the contemporary reduce log to take a seat for the suitable period of time earlier than inoculating. Begin by drilling holes within the hardwood log in a diamond sample with a 85 millimeter drill bit. Area your holes about 2 inches aside. A 3 to three ½ foot log ought to have about 80 holes. For those who’re working with plug spawn dowels, hammer them gently into every of the holes. Then cowl the holes with wax or a wax-based lip balm to guard the spawn plugs.  

Lion’s Mane Colonization

Lion’s mane mushroom colonies type in about 10 to 16 days. You’ll begin to see white nerve-like constructions forming within the substrate or inside the log. That is the lion’s mane mycelium, and it must develop a community earlier than you’ll be able to harvest even one contemporary lion’s mane mushroom. 

Through the time between colonization and fruiting, monitor the substrate for contamination. Whereas this isn’t as probably in a mushroom package, it’s nonetheless necessary to look out for discoloration, extra moisture, or unusual smells. If you’re rising lion’s mane mushroom colonies in logs or sawdust, monitoring for this objective is much more necessary. 

That is an important part of mushroom cultivation on the whole. With out mushroom mycelium, there’s no method for the fungus to develop these scrumptious mushrooms you’ve labored so laborious to domesticate. Subsequently be vigilant on this a part of the method of rising mushrooms.  

Initiating Fruiting

When the substrate is filled with lion’s mane mycelium development, it’s time for them to fruit! Like most gourmand species, the circumstances required for fruiting would be the identical. For those who’re cultivating a wholesome tradition in develop luggage, merely reduce off the highest of the plastic bag and place it in your fruiting chamber. Then you definately’ll see small fruits forming. These outcome from the lions mane mushroom mycelia. They may begin small, finally forming massive mushrooms after a short time, normally in a single to 2 weeks. Throughout this time, preserve monitoring for any off circumstances.  

Harvesting Lion’s Mane Mushrooms

One beauty of this a part of the method is you’ll be able to harvest lion’s mane mushrooms at a number of phases and luxuriate in contemporary lion’s mane mushrooms every time. Youthful lion’s mane mushrooms are simply as helpful as massive mature fruit. You wish to harvest them whereas they’re contemporary and haven’t began to get golden and dry. 

Use a sterilized sharp knife to reap lion’s mane mushroom fruit by slicing them on the stem. Keep away from slicing into your substrate or within the space the place the lion’s mane spawn continues to be growing and fruiting. Your develop bag or oak logs will proceed to place out flushes you could draw from a number of occasions. Normally 3 to 4 flushes might be harvested in a package or bag. 

What To Do With Spent Substrate

After you develop lions mane, your substrate might be damaged down and put within the compost pile or in a quickly for use backyard mattress. Whereas your gardenias, camellias, and hydrangeas aren’t a fan of mushroom substrate, principally each different plant is!

There are 3 ways you need to use your substrate, making this complete course of utterly sustainable. Firstly, smaller quantities might be damaged down by hand and added on to the soil of a mattress. Combine the substrate in and also you’re set! You may as well climate it on an open compost pile for some time earlier than utilizing the compost in your backyard. You’ll be able to even add the substrate into your vermicomposting bin, just like the City Worm Bag we inventory in our store. You might even develop a couple of extra mushrooms in your bin!

Continuously Requested Questions

Growing lion's mane
Rising lion’s mane is the easiest way to get this specialty mushroom. Supply: Jim Bahn

Q: How lengthy does it take to develop lion’s mane?

A: All the mushroom rising course of takes about 3 to five weeks for mycelium to develop and for a mushroom to type. The method might take longer in logs.

Q: Are you able to develop lion’s mane at dwelling?

A: Completely! That’s why we’ve devoted this piece to mushroom rising at dwelling. 

Q: The place does lion’s mane develop greatest?

A: As we’ve mentioned above, hardwood substrate is the one strategy to domesticate lions mane. You’ll want both laborious wooden sawdust in develop luggage, or logs. A lions mane develop package ought to have this all arrange for you. 

Q: What temperature does lion’s mane develop?

A: Ideally, your fruiting space can be between 60°F and 85°F (15°C to 30°C).

Q: How a lot does lion’s mane promote for?

A: This gourmand mushroom is offered in shops at a fee of about $8 to $36 per pound. 

Q: Are you able to eat lion’s mane uncooked?

A: Completely! The spongy texture of a uncooked lions mane is scrumptious, however there are tons of well being advantages that come from cooking or steeping it in sizzling water. 

Q: How lengthy does it take lions mane to colonize?

A: It takes roughly 3 weeks for the mycelia to colonize the substrate. 

Q: Why does my lions mane appear like coral?

A: If that’s occurring, it’s in all probability as a result of your shrooms don’t have as a lot air as they want. Discover a way to offer slightly extra airflow in your fruiting space to assist them develop their pom-pom form.  

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