Pointy, textured, translucent… succulents within the Haworthia genus have all of it! With over 60 identified forms of haworthia, this broad genus incorporates an assortment of traits which can be excellent for any dwelling backyard. There’s a variety of floor to cowl relating to Haworthia succulent varieties, so we’ll contact on among the commonest and intriguing species.
Haworthia succulents are native to South Africa, the place they get pleasure from sizzling, dry climate. They’re busy actively rising within the spring and fall after which go dormant in winter and early summer season. True succulents, they’re slow-growing and retailer water of their leaves that helps them survive drought. They will thrive in potting soil, direct solar or partial shade, and produce pups from the mum or dad plant. They may also be propagated by leaf chopping.
When taken out of their native habitat of South Africa, gardeners should present numerous brilliant mild or brilliant oblique daylight and be cautious of extra soil moisture. If needed, they will repotted in recent soil when an excessive amount of moisture causes rot. They bloom a lot as aloe flowers do. None are chilly hardy, they usually can’t maintain themselves even in mild frost.
The classification of the Haworthia genus and Haworthia varieties is messy. Species names and groupings are incessantly debated and adjusted (although all of them stay within the Asphodelaceae household). Whereas many Haworthia species look very totally different, numerous them are extraordinarily comparable. This makes figuring out one in succulent plant nurseries very troublesome. To simplify issues, we’ve grouped the next succulent species by distinguished bodily traits.
That is not at all an entire listing of succulents with epidermal home windows. In reality, most Haworthias have some type of them. The species listed below are simply well-known particularly for his or her light-catching leaf home windows.
This can be a Haworthia that stands out from the remainder (and one among my favorites). H. obtusa is nicknamed “mini Aloe” however appears greater than something like a bundle of water balloons. Its chunky leaves are clear, exhibiting off the water storage inside. The chlorophyll is positioned contained in the leaves, which is believed to extend the speed of photosynthesis. Many Haworthia species have these options, referred to as leaf home windows, however few are as prevalent as mini Aloe’s.
This succulent has one other accepted scientific title: Haworthia cymbiformis var. obtusa. It’s additionally typically confused with Haworthia cooperi. The 2 are informed aside by their leaf margins. Mini Aloe is totally easy, whereas H. cooperi is lined with “enamel.”
Identical to mini Aloe, Haworthia cooperi’s leaves function giant leaf home windows. When positioned in a window, the direct daylight shines proper by means of them, making this a fantastically decorative plant. The bottom of every leaf is normally opaque, with some veins lining the home windows. In nature, the strong parts normally develop underground, so solely the leaf home windows are peeking out. There are lots of styles of Haworthia cooperi that adjust in bristle size, coloration, and leaf form.
The leaf home windows are much less prevalent on this succulent, however nonetheless apparent sufficient that it’s earned the title cathedral window Haworthia. The home windows are targeting the information, so most of every leaf is cloudy inexperienced. The leaves are boat-shaped, pointier, and flatter than these of H. cooperi and H. obtusa. Boat-formed Haworthia produces white and pale pink flowers, although sometimes resulting from their slow-growing nature.
The legitimacy of this species continues to be being debated since many botanists argue that it’s really a hybrid of Haworthia retusa and H. cymbiformis. No matter we name it, although, nobody can argue with the widespread title of star window plant. The leaf home windows of Haworthia cuspidata distinction sharply with its opaque leaves, exhibiting off a starburst sample. Their leaves are brief and chunky, which – paired with densely leafed rosettes – makes for a cutely condensed succulent!
H. transiens is similar to and typically known as a cultivar of H. cymbiformus. The obvious distinction we are able to see is its coloring. This succulent may be very mild inexperienced and typically golden yellow. The leaf margins are toothed and topped with a sharp tip.
This is among the extra elegant succulents. As a substitute of the standard mild inexperienced leaves, it has gorgeously darkish inexperienced leaves that shimmer the place fenestrated. The totally different leaf shapes are intriguing. The highest is formed like a petal, whereas the remainder is a strong extension of that form. Every leaf has light-colored, dainty traces alongside the highest. In contrast to most Haworthias, H. bayeri hardly ever spreads by means of offsets (you’ll have to make use of leaf cuttings). H. bayeri is comparable in look to Haworthia springbokvlakensis and Haworthia emelyae.
These Haworthia varieties might not be sharp, however these species certain look prickly. Haworthias typically have gentle, white enamel lining the leaf margins – and typically extra!
Haworthia bolusii is the proper plant to purchase round Halloween. Its leaves look like lined in webs despite the fact that there isn’t a spider lurking inside. The tip and edges of every leaf are literally lined in fine-toothed, bushy bristles. These “cobwebs” are believed to guard the plant from moisture loss and sunburn, which is a helpful asset for desert vegetation.
Beneath all these bristles are curved, triangular leaves that type a rounded rosette. Although it grows outwards in clumps, every H. bolusii rosette is barely about 3 inches in diameter. When it blossoms, this succulent sprouts inflorescences that attain as much as 20 inches tall. The white, brown-veined flowers are surprisingly giant in comparison with the small succulents beneath.
This succulent known as the cobweb Aloe, however it resembles a spider greater than the rest. Every leaf is lined with lengthy bristles that stick out like spider legs. H. arachnoidea is a big succulent that reaches over 6 inches in diameter. The leaf ideas are vulnerable to drying out, giving the succulent much more of a sinister look. Within the fall, you could prefer to pair this succulent with Haworthia bolusii for a spooky spider aesthetic.
The inexperienced leaves of Haworthia herbacea are frosted with stiff, white spines. The leaves are additionally lengthy, slender, and barely flat. They curve upwards in a bushy, albeit spikey, rosette. Younger vegetation of this species are normally mild inexperienced and later mature to a darker shade. Because the leaves get darker, light-colored speckling is noticeable on their higher and decrease surfaces.
Haworthia takes on a unique shade with this plant. It options elongated, yellow-green leaves and a tinged purple heart. The leaf edges are ridged with little enamel, and the tip ends in a small, gentle spike. A mature Haworthia chloracantha grows in a number of clumps, making it excellent for xeriscaping.
To be truthful, most Haworthia varieties have some texture on their fleshy inexperienced leaves. Nevertheless, these species, specifically, are named for his or her bumps and lumps.
This succulent plant is usually referred to as pearl plant due to its texture. It has delicate, easy tubercles that dot the leaves like pearls on silk. Pearl plant is among the bigger Haworthias, rising as much as 6 inches throughout and practically a foot tall. Its blossoms are additionally bigger than typical, with extra of a inexperienced or brown coloration than Haworthia’s typical white flowers.
This succulent has inflexible leaves that curl on the perimeters and splay out in a flattened rosette. Their tubercles are normally close to to the identical coloration because the leaves, giving them a plasticy look. The inflorescences have a number of white and pink flowers. Haworthia limifolia is usually referred to as fairy washboard because of its textured leaves.
Surprisingly Formed Haworthias
Issues can get a little bit wonky within the genus of those Haworthia varieties. From the blocky horse’s enamel to the meticulous H. viscosa, Haworthias take many types.
The widespread title horse’s enamel sounds unusual however makes excellent sense once you check out Haworthia truncata. Every leaf is rectangular in form with slight ridges alongside the perimeters. As a substitute of conventional rosettes, the geometric leaves peek out of the bottom in orderly rows. The highest of every leaf contains a fenestrated skylight and the edges have a tough leaf floor.
Typically referred to as narrow-leaved Haworthia, these succulent vegetation have a lot thinner leaves than most different widespread Haworthia varieties. In reality, they give the impression of being extra like a chunky patch of grass than a succulent plant. The 4-inch succulent leaves are nonetheless organized in a rosette however they’re so lengthy that it’s troublesome to inform. Every clump of Haworthia angustifolia has a gentle feel and look. It prefers partial shade and can flip brown if left in brilliant solar.
This darkish and brooding succulent will rapidly discover a place in your coronary heart. Referred to as the black Haworthia, Haworthia nigra has very darkish inexperienced leaves which can be tough and warty. The stiff leaves develop folded inside one another, making a stacked look (they’re extra like succulent towers than rosettes). If black Haworthia will get burdened resulting from excessive temperatures in its native South Africa, as an illustration, it could flip purple.
Various Haworthia vegetation had been not too long ago moved to totally different genera, together with Haworthiopsis. As a result of the species amongst these Haworthia varieties are nonetheless generally known as Haworthias, we’ve included them right here.
There’s a motive this succulent is nicknamed the zebra plant: it’s lined in white horizontal stripes! The hanging marks on this plant, referred to as tubercles, look nearly fuzzy since they increase up from the leaf’s floor. There are a number of totally different styles of zebra Haworthia attenuata; some look extra striped, whereas others are dotted with tubercles.
Zebra vegetation are among the commonest Haworthias offered in shops (I even have one at dwelling!). It’s simply recognized by the tubercles, which cowl your entire leaf floor. When it’s mature, this succulent will produce brown and white flowers with curly petals. The blossoms could also be held near the rosette or prolong on a spindly stem. It could be barely confused with little zebra, or Haworthia fasciata.
Be taught Extra: Haworthiopsis Attenuata
If you happen to examine it to zebra plant, you’ll perceive why the small succulent vegetation within the species Haworthia fasciata are referred to as little zebra. The 2 look very comparable however are nonetheless separate species. Since they each have white horizontal stripes, the distinguishing issue is stripe placement. Whereas zebra plant is roofed head to toe, little zebra (Haworthia fasciata) solely has stripes on the undersides of its inexperienced leaves.
Little zebra is uncommon in cultivation and rarely offered in backyard shops. When it’s, it’s typically mislabeled. So, if in case you have a striped succulent, examine the place the stripes are – it could be rarer than you assume!
As we’ve lined in different sections, zebras typically get confused with different zebras – on this occasion, Haworthia attenuata is typically confused for Haworthia reinwardtii, or fasciata.
Be taught Extra: Haworthiopsis fasciata
This succulent was referred to as Haworthia coarctata, in addition to many different scientific names. One they will all agree on is the widespread title crowded Haworthia – and it’s so crowded. The tubercled leaves are so densely packed collectively that every rosette types a pinecone form. The leaf colours vary from darkish inexperienced to muddy yellow to mild purple. In contrast to many Haworthia varieties, Haworthia coarctata has a stem on the core of all these leaves.
This species is just like Haworthia coarctata however with some apparent variations. Its pinecone form is much less compact and tidy, largely as a result of the upright-growing, pointed leaves are longer. It additionally has bigger tubercles that resemble these on a zebra plant (no surprise that is referred to as the zebra wart!). Previously referred to as Haworthia reinwardtii, this succulent is vibrant inexperienced with pinkish-white flowers.
As a result of it resembles the zebra plant, it will probably typically be confused with Haworthia fasciata or Haworthia attenuata.
Kind A gardeners will recognize how orderly this succulent is. The triangular leaves are neatly stacked into three interlocking rows. Every “tower” grows as much as 6 inches tall and produces a fair bigger inflorescence. Its coloring is usually a gradient of inexperienced and purple.
Often Requested Questions
Q: Are there various kinds of Haworthia?
A: Over 60 species! They are often tough to inform aside, but in addition embrace some distinctive leaf shapes and textures.
Q: How do I determine my Haworthia?
A: Check out its distinguished bodily traits, reminiscent of a tough leaf floor or triangular leaves. After matching these to some potentialities, take note of smaller particulars like ridging alongside the perimeters. Watch out to maintain your Haworthia attenuata aside from different zebras.
Q: Do Haworthias want full solar?
A: Sure, however some Haworthia succulents want partial shade in excessive temperatures. An excessive amount of brilliant mild can burn the leaf rosettes.
Q: What’s the greatest Haworthia?
A: The most important Haworthias nonetheless solely attain about 6 inches in diameter. These embrace H. arachnoidea and H. margaritifera. If you happen to’re in search of top, H. viscosa towers above the opposite Haworthia varieties at half a foot tall.
Q: Is Haworthia a cactus or a succulent?
A: Haworthias are succulent vegetation that thrive in a cactus soil combine, however should not cacti. Despite the fact that they retailer water, dwell in sizzling climates, and should not cold-hardy, they don’t have areoles (a defining attribute of cacti).
Q: What number of forms of Haworthias are there?
A: We all know of over 60 species of Haworthia.
Q: What’s the distinction between Haworthia and Haworthiopsis?
A: Haworthiopsis incorporates many species that was categorized as Haworthias. One among its defining traits is a tough, thick dermis.
Q: What do you do with Haworthia flowers?
A: You possibly can clip off the stalks once they emerge or after the white flowers have pale. These are slow-growing vegetation that take a very long time to flower, so we encourage having fun with the blossoms! Attempt a extremely diluted cactus fertilizer to spur extra blooms.