Do you know that zebras are literally black with white stripes? The identical rings true for his or her plant doppelganger, Haworthiopsis fasciata. Adorably nicknamed ‘little zebra’ this succulent is roofed in white stripes. That funky sample, plus a particular form, makes the little zebra a singular addition to any backyard.
The Haworthiopsis fasciata zebra plant is in the identical household as aloe vera, and it reveals. It options inexperienced, triangular leaves which might be stacked in a bit of bush. A typical succulent, little zebra plant shops water and vitamins in its leaves that allows it to outlive lengthy intervals of drought. Even when grown outdoors its homeland of Japanese Cape Province, South Africa, this plant may be very low-maintenance.
H. fasciata is a wonderful plant for these new to succulent gardening. It behaves very usually for a succulent, so studying to look after it can put together you for trickier vegetation, and it’s non-toxic. On this article, we’ll cowl all the pieces you have to add little zebra to your inexperienced thumb repertoire!
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Fast Care Information
|Widespread Title||Little zebra, zebra plant, succulent Haworthia|
|Scientific Title||Haworthiopsis fasciata; previously Haworthia fasciata var fasciata|
|Top & Unfold||7 inches excessive and broad|
|Gentle||Vivid oblique gentle|
|Water||Soak and dry|
|Pests & Ailments||Mealybugs, spider mites, root rot|
All About Haworthiopsis Fasciata
Our data about vegetation and the way they’re associated to one another is at all times increasing. So, plant species are sometimes moved into completely different genuses as taxonomists be taught extra about them. That is the case with our little zebra vegetation. They was once labeled as Haworthia fasciata however have been moved to the Haworthiopsis genus. Alongside for the trip got here Haworthiopsis attenuata, little zebra’s near-identical twin (additionally from the genus Haworthia).
H. attenuata is nicknamed Haworthia zebra and is commonly confused with our little zebra plant. They each have striped, pointed, darkish inexperienced leaves and the identical progress habits. Nevertheless, little zebra is easy on the within of the leaves, whereas Haworthia zebra has extra white bumps there.
Little zebra is definitely fairly uncommon in cultivation and often mislabelled. So, if it seems you even have a Haworthia zebra, head over to our article on Haworthiopsis attenuata (Haworthia attenuata). Nevertheless, these Haworthia succulents are very related and can profit from the identical basic Haworthia care.
As we talked about, the little zebra plant has sharply pointed leaves which might be lined with bumpy “zebra stripes”, formally referred to as white tubercles. The ornamental, banded leaves develop out from the middle in basic succulent style however curve inwards a bit extra. The entire plant often doesn’t attain greater than 7 inches excessive, making it good for an indoor windowsill backyard. When the plant blossoms, it sends up a solitary, skinny stem that’s topped with tubular, white flowers.
The Haworthiopsis fasciata zebra plant grows in clumps. Spiked offsets will develop nestled beneath the father or mother plant till they develop their very own root system. These are slow-growing succulent infants, however they do make propagation simpler.
When grown outdoors as annuals, Haworthiopsis fasciata succulents will develop steadily from spring to fall. It’s progress will decelerate within the winter when the temperature drops (it might even go dormant). When the climate warms up once more, your little zebra plant could produce flowers in the summertime or fall. That is additionally the best time to transplant, prune, or propagate because the succulent is actively rising once more.
Haworthiopsis fasciata is native to South Africa, so it’s no shock that it likes to be sizzling and dry. Within the US, it can develop outdoors in zones 10-11. You possibly can nonetheless develop this succulent plant in colder areas, however it’ll must be saved inside (I’m at present rising one on my windowsill in zone 3!).
Zebra Plant Care
So long as you correctly arrange your zebra haworthia for the rising season, it’ll fortunately develop for you. Right here’s what you want for profitable zebra succulent plant care.
Solar and Temperature
Like most succulents, Haworthiopsis fasciata likes a lot of vivid, oblique daylight. It’ll thrive in a south-facing window that will get no less than 6 hours of direct gentle a day. Nevertheless, little zebra vegetation additionally admire some gentle shade within the warmth of the afternoon. The leaves could change shade in vivid, direct daylight. That is technically an indication of stress however does little to hurt the plant. In actual fact, many gardeners expose their succulents to an excessive amount of solar with the intention to convey out the coloring.
As a desert plant, zebra cactus is just not cold-hardy. The bottom temperature it might deal with is round 30°F, however frost harm can occur at 45°F. Conversely, Haworthiopsis fasciata succulents deal with warmth effectively however want some protecting shade in temperatures over 85°F.
Water and Humidity
In case you’ve grown succulents, you already know the drill with watering. We’re following the “soak and dry” approach. First, soak your succulent’s potting soil by watering it completely. Then, wait till the soil has fully dried out, wait a number of extra days, after which soak it once more. Relying on the temperature, you could solely be watering each 2-4 weeks. In case you’re unsure about whether or not your succulent wants water, don’t water it.
Like most vegetation, little zebra likes to be dry above floor. An excessive amount of humidity is an invite to leaf rot and fungal progress. So, you’ll want to place your succulent someplace with good air circulation and low humidity.
Since they naturally develop in acidic sands, Zebra vegetation require a well-draining soil combine. Ideally, it’s best to use a premade succulent and cactus combine, which often has the right quantity of drainage. You may as well combine your individual, including sand, perlite, or vermiculite to common potting combine.
Water ought to seep via the combination considerably rapidly and never pool on the floor. You should utilize an alternate rising medium, like coconut coir, however you’ll have to attend longer between waterings. Do not forget that whereas the rising medium wants to carry some moisture, it additionally must be dry for brief intervals of time.
H. fasciata vegetation desire a impartial or barely acidic soil pH (6.6 is ideal). They need to handle simply high quality in poor soils so long as they get a very good dose of fertilizer from time to time. You also needs to be sure that the container you utilize has glorious drainage holes.
Fertilizing Haworthia fasciata
For optimum progress, feed your Haworthiopsis fasicata zebra plant with a balanced liquid fertilizer each 2-3 months throughout the summer season. Don’t fear about feeding it within the winter, as zebra vegetation’ progress will naturally decelerate when the temperatures drop.
Because it grows in neatly-packed rosettes, the Haworthiopsis fasciata zebra plant isn’t often pruned. The one instances it’s best to prune it’s if the leaves are diseased or dying. The older leaves on the backside of the rosette will naturally die off. You possibly can take away them by merely plucking them off the stem. The identical could be performed for diseased leaves.
Propagation from a Mom Plant
Haworthiopsis fasciata is propagated identical to most different succulents: leaf cuttings or offsets. Offsets are the simplest methodology, so we’ll begin with them.
As talked about earlier, a mature Haworthiopsis will produce child vegetation referred to as offsets or pups. These infants are hooked up to the mom plant, receiving vitamins whereas they develop their very own roots. When the roots are seen, you may velocity up the method by reducing the offsets from the mom plant and replanting them in their very own small pots.
Leaf cuttings take longer to supply new vegetation, however they’re fascinating to look at! Begin by eradicating a complete leaf from a mature plant. The leaf should be wholesome and no less than an inch lengthy. Place the leaf someplace dry for a number of days so the lower finish can callus over. To kickstart its progress, you may dip the lower finish in rooting hormone. Then, set it on high of some well-draining soil and mist it with water.
Maintain the floor frequently moist and also you’ll quickly see tiny roots sprouting from the callused finish. In time, a miniature rosette will develop from the reducing. Because it turns right into a mature plant, the unique leaf will die and fall off.
Troubleshooting Zebra Vegetation
The beauty of succulents is that they aren’t too fussy. Plus, the issues they’re explicit about are pretty straightforward to determine and repair.
In the event that they don’t get sufficient daylight, succulents can grow to be etiolated (stretched out). When this occurs to Haworthiopsis fasciata vegetation, they seem tall and thin as an alternative of brief and spiky. Sadly, as soon as a fasciata plant is etiolated, it might’t shrink again down. However, it’s very straightforward to “carry out surgical procedure” in your succulent.
Utilizing a pointy, clear knife, lower off the stem an inch beneath the place the leaves start to area out. Take away all of the leaves from that backside inch, leaving you with a spiky rosette on a stem. Give the reducing a number of days to dry out, after which stick it upright into some well-draining potting combine. The stem will develop roots from the place the leaves have been eliminated, reestablishing a brief, compact succulent.
In case your zebra fasciata plant begins to get brown and crispy on the suggestions, it’s seemingly too sizzling and underwatered. Give it a very good watering and place it in some gentle shade throughout the hottest a part of the day. If caught early sufficient, the harm could also be reversible.
On the flip aspect of issues, overwatering succulents rapidly turns them mushy. If left untreated, the roots, stem, and leaves will start to rot. In case you see this taking place, instantly cease watering till the plant recovers. You also needs to verify that the rising medium is draining effectively and transplant into a greater combine if wanted.
Mealybugs are a ache to Haworthiopsis fasciata, Haworthiopsis attenuata (aka, Haworthia attenuata or Haworthiopsis attenuate), and some other related succulent species. These pests suck out the plant’s juices, leaving it discolored and withered. If not correctly handled, mealybugs can kill your succulent zebra plant and unfold to its neighboring vegetation. Additionally they secrete a honeydew that pulls ants (yuck!).
You possibly can deal with mealybugs with insecticidal cleaning soap or a mycoinsecticide. You probably have a number of succulents open air, you could need to inventory ladybugs or lacewings in your backyard. They’ll care for the mealybugs and most different succulent pests.
In case you thought mealybugs have been gross, check out spider mites. These tiny, imitation spiders additionally feed on leaf juice however depart behind ultra-fine webs. You possibly can deal with them with horticultural oils or insecticidal cleaning soap in addition to the predatory bugs talked about. To stop spider mite and mealybug infestations, hold the leaves and soil floor clear from particles and take away useless plant matter.
Due to their fleshy roots, succulents are very vulnerable to root rot. Root rot begins with an excessive amount of moisture within the soil, often from overwatering. The roots get waterlogged and grow to be susceptible to mildew, oomycetes, and fungi mendacity in wait within the soil. Chances are you’ll be encountering Fusarium, Pythium, or Phytophthora species, amongst others. Stop any kind of rot by avoiding extra water and preserving the soil well-drained.
You possibly can attempt to fight such ailments with a very good fungicide, although you could find yourself simply eradicating the diseased parts. In case you do handle to salvage a number of the plant, transplant it into new soil with higher drainage and watch it intently for extra signs. Destroy any diseased plant matter, and don’t compost it.
Ceaselessly Requested Questions
Q: How do you care for Haworthia fasciata?
A: For essentially the most half, you care for it by not caring for it. Water your zebra haworthia very sparingly and depart it in semi-direct daylight (an excessive amount of daylight can hurt it). Maintain it away from cool air as it’s not chilly hardy.
Q: How lengthy do Haworthia fasciata dwell?
A: Due to its slow-growing nature, the haworthiopsis fasciata zebra plant can dwell to round 50 years outdated.
Q: How huge can a Haworthia fasciata get?
A: It is a small plant that often doesn’t go 7 inches in peak.
Q: Does Haworthia fasciata want daylight?
A: Completely! Give your zebra cactus no less than 6 hours of oblique gentle every day. An excessive amount of direct daylight can burn the leaves, so present some gentle shade in sizzling climate.
Q: Is Haworthia onerous to care for?
A: By no means! Zebra haworthia is a really low-maintenance succulent. So long as you present the appropriate potting soil, guarantee there’s sufficient pure gentle, and water sparingly, you shouldn’t have any issues preserving your zebra plant pleased.
Q: How typically must you water Haworthia?
A: Whether or not it’s grown indoors or out, it’s best to solely water H. fasciata when the soil is totally dried out. This often quantities to each 2-4 weeks.
Q: Does a Haworthia flower?
A: Sure, however very demurely. Most species of this genus produce spindly stems topped with tubular, white flowers. Haworthia flowers often seem from early summer season to fall.
Q: Is Zebra succulent uncommon?
A: If we’re speaking about H. fasciata, then sure. Most zebra vegetation you’ll see outdoors of South Africa are literally Haworthiopsis attenuate, even when they’re labeled as fasciatas.
Q: Are Haworthia poisonous to canine?
A: Nope! Zebra fasciata vegetation are non-toxic to most animals. So you may hold your pets and young children secure whereas additionally being the proud proprietor of this stunning species.