How to Plant, Grow and Care For Adam’s Needle

Adam’s needle, Yucca filamentosa, is a member of the asparagus household (Asparagaceae). It’s native to central and jap North America, from New England south to Florida and west to the Mississippi River. It grows wild in sandy areas, open fields, and roadsides. Adam’s needle has develop into a preferred landscaping plant as a result of it’s massive, enticing, and simple to develop.

Yucca filamentosa is a broadleaf evergreen shrub. It reaches its peak top in the course of the flowering season when crops ship up very tall flowering stalks. These flowering stalks can develop as much as 8 toes tall, typically much more, and mature crops can attain 3 to five toes throughout.

Every plant kinds a rosette of lengthy, skinny, blade-like leaves, the sides of which regularly show thread-like filaments that seem to peel from the sides. Spiky clusters of creamy white flowers showing in late spring or early summer time make it particularly interesting.

This plant requires full solar however is just not choosy about soil high quality. It’s simple to develop and low-maintenance, multiplying slowly by new basal offsets, which will be divided and used for propagation. Adam’s needle is drought tolerant, making it an amazing alternative for a xeriscape backyard. It additionally attracts hummingbirds and all kinds of pollinators, making it a superb alternative for a pollinator-friendly backyard.

If you happen to’re prepared to begin rising your Adam’s needle plant, let’s dig in to study extra. Is that this a very good plant on your yard? If that’s the case, how will you assist this plant thrive in your house panorama?+

Adam’s Needle Plant Overview

Plant Kind

Broadleaf evergreen shrub

Native Space

Japanese United States

USDA Hardiness Zone

4 to 10

Soil Kind

Common, Nicely-drained

Advised Makes use of

Xeriscape Backyard, Pollinator Backyard

Plant With

Crops with Low Water Wants

Bloom Season

Late spring, Early summer time


Butterflies, Bees, Pollinators


Keep away from poor-drainage

Resistant To

Drought, Warmth, Poor soil, Herbivores

Plant Historical past

Close-up of an Adam's Needle, also known as Yucca filamentosa, flowering plant in a sunny garden. This is an evergreen plant that forms a lush rosette of pointed xiphoid leaves. The leaves are dark green. The plant produces tall flower stalks that emerge from the center of the rosette. The flowers are white, bell-shaped, drooping, hanging down from the stems.
This native flowering plant thrives in dry, sunny habitats, tolerating drought and poor soil circumstances.

Adam’s needle, typically known as beargrass, is a flowering plant native to the jap and central United States. It grows naturally in dry, sunny habitats, together with previous fields, roadsides, and sandy areas. Adam’s Needle is well-adapted to drought and tolerant of poor soil circumstances however illiberal of soggy or saturated soils.

It prefers full solar, though it can tolerate a stunning quantity of shade. Shade-grown crops usually will lean in direction of the solar and produce fewer flowers than sun-grown crops.

Adam’s needle is within the genus Yucca, which incorporates over 50 species and quite a few cultivars. Yucca crops are mostly related to scorching, arid, or tropical areas, though some varieties are present in temperate climates as far north as Canada.

Yuccas are likely to have long-thin leaves densely rising up thickened central stalks or trunks. They bloom within the spring or summer time and are fairly noteworthy for his or her flowering shows. Blossoms are usually white and happen in dense lots atop tall flowering spikes or stalks. Many yuccas have aromatic flowers and can appeal to various pollinators, together with night-flying yucca moths.

Within the dwelling panorama, yucca crops resembling Adam’s needle can fill an vital position. These are massive crops which might be simple to develop. On account of their recognition with landscapers, they’re available commercially. When you have an open sunny house in your yard or desire a bigger xeriscape plant, think about incorporating Adam’s needle into your own home backyard.


Close-up of Adam's Needle flowering plants in a sunny garden. The plant is large, lush, form basal rosettes of long, dark green, xiphoid leaves. Adam's Needle produces tall spikes with white, bell-shaped flowers hanging down.
Straightforward to develop with low upkeep, Adam’s needle thrives in sunny, well-drained places.

These native crops are simple to develop and don’t require a lot upkeep. When you have a sunny location with well-drained soil, you possibly can develop this plant or one in every of its cultivars.

You possibly can even develop it in partial shade, though shade will inhibit the plant’s potential to supply one of the best flowering show. This is a wonderful plant for dry places or naturalized areas the place you might be on the lookout for attention-grabbing vertical construction and selection.


Adam’s needle is quickly propagated by seed or vegetative offshoots. The best methodology is propagating by vegetative offshoots as a result of they’re massive and comparatively mature, able to develop and set up rapidly in a brand new location.

When working with yuccas, it would be best to put on snug gardening gloves to assist defend your palms from the sharp edges of the blade-like leaves.


Top view, close-up of the seed pods of the Adam's Needle plant in the garden. The seed pod consists of six oval holes with black seeds inside.
Propagate from mature crops’ seeds by amassing them when capsules dry.

Adam’s needle will be propagated from seed. You possibly can simply accumulate seeds from mature crops after the seed capsules flip brown and dry. To get a head begin on seed sprouting, soak the ripe seeds in water for twenty-four hours earlier than transferring them to moist soil. Sow extra seeds than you assume you will have as a result of it’s unlikely that every seed will sprout. When seedlings are just a few inches tall, you possibly can skinny them to the quantity you want to preserve.

Begin seeds inside in winter to offer them loads of time to germinate and develop earlier than transferring them exterior. It could take a month or extra for seeds to germinate, so have endurance throughout this course of.

After soaking the seeds, sow them ⅛ inch deep in moist potting soil. Preserve the soil heat and moist whereas ready for the seeds to sprout. Seedlings could have skinny leaves and look very grass-like.

You too can straight sow seeds exterior within the backyard and allow them to begin naturally. Sow seeds exterior within the late fall or winter and permit them to cold-stratify naturally. Cowl the seeds with a lightweight dusting of soil not more than ¼ inch deep and water them nicely. Make sure the soil stays moist however not muddy all through winter for one of the best germination charges.

The seeds will start to sprout when the climate has warmed within the spring. Enable the seedlings to develop for some time, then skinny them when which crops are the healthiest and rising in your required places.

Division of Offsets

Close-up of two Adam's Needle plants, also known as Yucca filamentosa, in a sunny garden. Plants form large rosettes of long sword-shaped green leaves with pointed tips. Lots of small offsets growing next to mother plants.
Propagate this yucca by rigorously eradicating and preserving offshoots linked to the primary stem.

Many crops develop offsets or ‘pups’ that may be eliminated and propagated to begin new crops. In case your ‘mom’ plant has developed a number of aspect shoots, these will be rigorously eliminated to begin a brand new plant. As a result of these offshoots are a part of the mom plant, they are going to be genetic clones, in contrast to beginning new crops from seed, which could have some genetic variation.

To propagate offshoots:

  1. Establish the place the offshoot connects to the plant’s fundamental stem.
  2. Use a pointy knife or a clear, sharp spade to chop off the offshoot rigorously.
  3. Preserving any roots that could be linked to the offshoot.
  4. Don’t minimize into the ‘mom’ stem, which can harm the father or mother plant.
  5. After eradicating the pup from the father or mother, put it in a big pot with contemporary potting soil to assist it set up itself.
  6. Alternatively, switch it on to a brand new backyard website.
  7. Both method, preserve the soil moist across the pup for the primary few months.
  8. You’ll know the pup has began rising independently while you see contemporary new development.

Younger Crops

Close-up of an Adam's Needle plant in a large plastic pot in a sunny garden. The plant produces a rosette of long sword-shaped blue-green leaves with pointed tips.
Acquire wholesome younger crops from backyard facilities or nurseries, avoiding broken or infested ones.

You don’t have to begin with seeds to develop your Adam’s needle plant. Yow will discover these crops at many backyard facilities and nurseries. When choosing a plant from amongst these out there, it would be best to search for the healthiest possibility you could find:

  • The leaves ought to seem contemporary, sturdy, and undamaged.
  • The central stalk ought to seem straight and agency, not bent or mushy.
  • Don’t buy crops that seem rotten or comfortable or present apparent indicators of insect infestations.

While you convey your new plant (or crops) dwelling, you possibly can preserve them of their nursery pots till you might be able to transplant them in your backyard. As soon as you might be able to transplant them, observe the instructions beneath for planting your new additions in your chosen backyard plot.


Close-up of young Adam's Needles plants in the garden with decorative orange colored pebbles. Plants produce rosettes of elongated sword-shaped green leaves with a smooth texture. The leaves are dark green in color and covered with sharp, thread-like fibers along the edges.
Plant perennials in early spring or late fall on cool, overcast days to cut back transplanting stress.

The very best time of 12 months to plant or transplant perennials is early spring or late fall. Select a cool, overcast day to do your work as a result of this can significantly assist scale back transplanting stress and enhance your possibilities of success.

Put together your planting website earlier than you begin shifting crops round. Adam’s needle requires full solar and well-drained soil. Do you’ve gotten a website with full solar? Is your soil well-drained? You possibly can add some sand to assist loosen the soil, however the complete space must be well-drained, or else you possibly can find yourself with a sandy pit surrounded by water-holding clay, and your plant will nonetheless be sitting in moist soil.

When your website is ready, dig a gap massive sufficient for the complete root ball and switch your potted plant into the brand new gap. Gently fill the gaps across the roots with contemporary, unfastened soil, and tamp down the soil across the plant. Give your new transplant an intensive watering to assist it regulate to its new dwelling. Preserve the soil moist, not moist, for just a few weeks to assist the plant set up in its new location.

Learn how to Develop

Rising this putting native is surprisingly simple while you match its native habitat as a lot as doable.


Close-up of Adam's Needles flowering plants in a sunny garden. The plant has large lush rosettes of sword-shaped leaves of dark green color with pointed tips. Adam's Needles produce tall spikes with large creamy white bell-shaped flowers.
This plant thrives in full solar with 6-8 hours of direct daylight each day.

Adam’s needle does greatest in full solar, with a minimum of 6 to eight hours of direct daylight every day. You possibly can simply develop this plant in a completely uncovered space; it’s well-adapted to full, direct solar publicity. It is going to tolerate partial shade, however shaded crops are likely to lean in direction of the solar and will not flower as nicely.


Close-up of Adam's Needles flowering plants covered in water drops, against a blurred green background. The flowers are medium in size, bell-shaped, with white and cream petals.
This drought-tolerant native thrives in dry to medium-moisture soil.

These drought-tolerant native crops respect dry to medium-moisture soil. As soon as your plant is established in its everlasting location, you shouldn’t must do any supplemental watering.


Close-up of Adam's Needles evergreens in the garden. The plants form rosettes of long, narrow, sword-shaped, variegated leaves. The leaves are yellowish in color with dark green edges. The leaves are covered with sharp thread-like fibers along the edges.
This species will tolerate well-drained soil, even when sandy or poor-quality, so long as drainage is superb.

The soil must be of common fertility and well-drained. Sandy and poor high quality, gritty soils are simply wonderful. An important facet of soil high quality is that it has wonderful drainage.

Local weather and Temperature

Close-up of Adam's Needles evergreen flowering plants in a sunny garden. Plants form rosettes of long, xiphoid, pointed tips. The plant produces tall flower stalks with many drooping bell-shaped flowers. Each flower has six creamy white petals.
This native thrives in USDA zones 4-10, tolerating frost, warmth, and numerous climates starting from humid to arid.

Adam’s needle grows nicely in USDA local weather zones 4 by way of 10. These crops are each frost-tolerant and heat-tolerant. They’ll face up to a variety of temperatures and can do nicely in each humid and arid climates.


Close-up of an evergreen flowering plant Adam's Needles in a sunny garden. The plant produces lush, long, sword-shaped leaves of blue-green color. Adam's Needle forms a tall spike with creamy white bell-shaped flowers.
This plant doesn’t require fertilization in well-drained soil, however including natural compost might promote blooming.

It’s unlikely that you’ll ever must fertilize this yucca plant. They do nicely with common native soil circumstances so long as it’s well-drained. In case your soil high quality is poor and you might be involved that your crops are just a few years previous however not blooming, think about working in some natural compost across the base of the plant and see if that helps encourage flowering.


Close-up of Adam's Needles evergreens in a sunny garden. Plants are large, lush, form rosettes of sword-shaped dark green leaves with pointed tips. The plant produces tall spikes with creamy white bell-shaped flowers.
It’s low-maintenance, requiring minimal care, with elective pruning for improved look after flowering.

Adam’s needle is a really low-maintenance plant. There isn’t any common upkeep you have to to do, however elective pruning can assist enhance the looks of those crops.

After flowering, you possibly can benefit from the decorative seed pods that linger on the stalks. As soon as these fall off, nevertheless, the stalks might proceed to face tall and look a bit ragged. Use a pointy hand pruner instrument to chop and take away the spent flowering stalk at its base. Put on gloves to forestall scratches from the blade-like foliage that surrounds the stalk.

Backyard Design

A close-up of a flowering Adam's Needles plant in a flower bed with blooming irises, sweet alyssum, and other plants. Adam's Needles consists of a large basal rosette of dark green sword-shaped leaves. The plant produces tall flower stalks with profusely flowering creamy white bell-shaped flowers.
Yuccas are nice for bigger xeriscape gardens the place you wish to appeal to pollinators.

This may not be the fitting plant for you if in case you have a small backyard house. However this plant is a wonderful alternative if in case you have a bigger space and desire a dramatic centerpiece. You’ll need sufficient house on your yucca to develop tall and vast because the unfold on these crops, as soon as they attain maturity and begin to develop offshoots, will be as a lot as 5 toes throughout.

Develop Adam’s needle in a xeriscape backyard as a result of it’s drought-tolerant, and after a few 12 months to develop into established, you gained’t want to fret about supplemental watering. For that first 12 months, water it flippantly as soon as per week.

You possibly can plant this yucca in a landscaped space amongst decorative shrubs or embrace it as a part of a sunny hedgerow. The flowers appeal to pollinators, so they could be integrated into your pollinator backyard with different butterfly-friendly backyard crops.

Simply bear in mind that this plant can develop massive and finally wants loads of house to unfold out. If you happen to plant small crops round it, they might finally get shaded out.

Luckily, this species grows pretty slowly, so your smaller crops ought to have loads of time to develop into the sunnier areas round this plant. Place your taller crops close to the again of the panorama and place shorter crops close to the entrance so you possibly can see all of your crops concurrently.

Wildlife Worth

Close-up of Adam's Needle flowers, also known as Yucca filamentosa, in a garden, against a blurred background. The plant produces upright peduncles with many bell-shaped creamy white flowers that hang down.
The blooms appeal to pollinators and function host crops for some moths and butterflies.

Adam’s needle blooms in the course of the late spring into early summer time. Throughout this time, it produces copious flowers, attracting hummingbirds and a large number of insect pollinators. It’s a larval host plant for yucca moths and a few butterflies, together with the yucca giant-skipper butterfly and the Cofaqui giant-skipper butterfly.

Deer and rabbits don’t hassle this plant. Some birds might take away the skinny threadlike filaments from the sides of the leaves and use these as nesting supplies. Small animals might use the protected house beneath bigger crops as shade and short-term shelter.

Pests and Illnesses

Top view, close-up of an Adam's Needle plant affected by root rot. The plant forms a rosette of long sword-shaped leaves of yellow, orange and greenish colors. They are soft, mushy, rotten.
Yuccas are principally disease-resistant, however moist circumstances may cause root and crown rot.

Luckily, this native plant is just not liable to many pests or ailments. These crops must be pretty trouble-free. The largest concern could also be moist circumstances that may result in bacterial and fungal ailments.

Root and crown rot: These crops require wonderful soil drainage. If they’re sitting in poorly drained circumstances, they’re very vulnerable to root and crown rot. Rot will trigger your plant to get mushy, fall over, and die. Root rot is well prevented by rising your crops in well-drained soil. Don’t permit them to sit down in saturated soil for extended durations.

Leaf spot: A bacterial or fungal an infection may cause a wide range of various kinds of leaf spot. It’s uncommon for yuccas to develop leaf spot, however it’s doable in case your plant is experiencing very moist circumstances. Leaf spot will seem as darkish brown, dead-looking spots on any a part of the leaf floor. Delicate instances might trigger solely minor harm, and you’ll minimize off and take away any lifeless leaves. Excessive instances point out that your plant must be moved to a drier location.

Incessantly Requested Questions

In case your plant is bending over or fell over totally, there are a number of doable causes. If a brand new plant fell over shortly after planting, merely re-plant it and supply it some bodily assist till the roots develop into higher established. When you have simply transplanted an Adam’s needle, it could wilt for just a few days however ought to rapidly straighten out once more.

In case your mature plant is bending or leaning over, this can be a bodily signal of root rot. If the bottom of the plant feels comfortable and mushy, it has possible been sitting in too moist soil and began to rot. You possibly can attempt to salvage any wholesome a part of the plant and transfer the wholesome elements to a special location with higher soil drainage.

An Adam’s needle plant grown from seed might take as much as 5 years till its first bloom. When beginning with a nursery-bought plant or an offshoot division, your plant might not bloom within the first 12 months, however it’s totally doable it can bloom within the second 12 months after transplanting.

In case your plant has been round some time and remains to be not blooming, it could want extra daylight or just a little supplemental water to encourage flowering. In case your plant is rising in full solar circumstances, it ought to bloom commonly. Crops grown in shade might bloom occasionally, inadequately, or under no circumstances.

Leaves don’t reside endlessly. When leaves get previous and die, they first flip yellow, then brown, then shrivel and finally fall off. On yucca crops, together with Adam’s needle, the older leaves would be the ones on the bottom stage beneath all the opposite leaves.

If the leaves are turning yellow prematurely, or many leaves are yellowing , this can be an indication that your plant is being overwatered. Don’t add any further water, and ensure the plant is rising in well-drained soil, not sitting in soggy circumstances.

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