How to Plant, Grow, and Care for Bird of Paradise plants

Birds-of-Paradise are a hanging, evergreen genus of crops which are generally grown as houseplants outdoors of tropical and subtropical climates. They’re identified for his or her flamboyant blooms that resemble unique tropical birds. 

Named for the birds they resemble, these crops are tolerant of various soil and care circumstances and make an announcement wherever they’re planted. Let’s check out these fascinating crops and care for your very personal Chook-of-Paradise plant.

Plant Overview



Publicity


Full solar to partial shade


Watering Necessities


Reasonable


Pests & Illnesses


Mealybug, scale, root rot, bacterial wilt, botrytis blight, fungal leaf spot


Soil Kind


Wealthy, loamy, well-draining

Historical past

Bird-of-Paradise flowers boast a tropical allure, showcasing distinctive orange and blue hues that resemble exotic birds in mid-flight. The large, bold blooms emerge from deep green leaves, creating a visually striking and exotic display in any garden or indoor setting.
Birds-of-Paradise are beautiful, tropical-like houseplants identified for his or her vibrant, bird-like blooms.

The S. reginae species was launched to Britain in 1773 and dropped at the Kew Gardens. It was first described in 1788 by English botanist Joseph Banks and given its botanical identify, which implies ‘of the queen,’ to pay tribute to Queen Charlotte of Mecklenberg-Strelitz. 

The plant turned extremely widespread as a decorative, making its solution to Australia and the Americas. It’s common in California and has been named the Official Flower of the Metropolis of Los Angeles. 

The great thing about the plant, paired with its ease of care, has made it a favourite amongst plant lovers. It has additionally received the Award of Backyard Benefit from the Royal Horticultural Society. 

Native Space

A bird-of-paradise flower stands tall on its stem in a garden, showcasing its orange and blue hues. The flower’s distinctive shape and vivid colors contrast against a blurred backdrop of lush bird-of-paradise foliage without blooms.
Birds-of-Paradise, initially native to southern Africa, is now extensively cultivated globally.

This fascinating plant is initially native to tropical and subtropical areas of southern Africa. They’re most frequently present in coastal areas and alongside riverbanks, amongst different shrubs. A number of species of the plant have been extensively cultivated around the globe. 

Birds-of-paradise at the moment are naturalized all through the tropical Americas and in Portugal. They’re so widespread in Portugal that they’ve been named the nationwide flower, although they aren’t initially native to this area.

Traits

Vivid red bird-of-paradise blooms against lush green leaves. Foliage forms a rich backdrop against a serene, blurred mountainous landscape. The striking contrast highlights the flowers’ bold hues amidst natural surroundings.
They’re acknowledged for his or her vibrant, bird-like flowers and luxurious, clumping foliage.

As soon as labeled within the banana household due to its comparable leaf formation, birds-of-paradise now have their very own genus and are members of the Strelitziaceae household, within the order of Zingiberales, so it’s a distant relation to ginger crops. The household, which is a bunch of monocots, additionally encompasses Heloconiaceae

The daring, evergreen leaves of Strelitzia crops develop in clumps, becoming a member of on the base of the plant and fanning outward as they develop taller. The crops develop from underground rhizomes, very similar to their kinfolk within the ginger household. 

Maybe most noteworthy of this plant are its flowers, which resemble unique birds with their wings fanned out behind them. The colours are mostly orange and blue, though species outdoors of S. reginae can have flowers which are totally different colours, corresponding to purple and white. 

Makes use of

Bright orange hues of bird-of-paradise flowers stand out against a blue wall, casting defined shadows with their sizable leaves. Adjacent to these distinctive blooms, an array of other plants adds diversity to the garden landscape.
Birds-of-paradise thrive as decorative crops, widespread for out of doors landscaping in hotter climates.

Birds-of-paradise are grown predominantly as decorative crops. In tropical and subtropical climates, they’re usually used as focal factors and architectural components in out of doors landscaping. It may be an imposing and unique backyard ingredient with a peak and unfold of as much as six ft. 

Exterior zones 11th of September, these crops are usually grown as container crops and introduced indoors within the winter or solely as houseplants.

They’re low upkeep as houseplants, so long as you have got an area that will get loads of daylight, though they’re poisonous to people and animals, so preserve them out of attain of pets and babies.

The place to Purchase Chook of Paradise Vegetation

Young bird-of-paradise blooms, boasting orange and purple tones, are neatly arranged in rows within vivid red pots. These budding flowers exude a striking combination of hues, poised to burst into a captivating display upon maturity.
Because of its recognition, Strelitzia regina, the widespread bird-of-paradise, is extensively out there in nurseries and shops.

It’s simple to search out the Strelitzia regina species of bird-of-paradise. They are often bought in most nurseries, house enchancment shops, and different locations promoting houseplants or landscaping components. As a result of they’re simple to take care of, they’re fairly widespread.

Different species could also be tougher to acquire, however with the web, most uncommon crops are far more accessible than only a decade in the past. With out the plant’s availability, rhizomes are simple to acquire and cheap to ship

Planting

A close-up of a Bird-of-Paradise flower, showcasing a mix of yellow and orange hues. The intricate details of the bloom are highlighted against a blurred backdrop of lush green leaves and another flower in the background.
They want ample area to develop, requiring about six ft of room from different crops.

Birds-of-paradise want room to develop and unfold out within the backyard. In case you are planting your bird-of-paradise outdoor, give it about six ft of area from surrounding crops. The rhizomes will unfold, forming a clump, so the plant and its offsets might develop a lot wider than a single plant’s six-foot unfold

Plant in an area that will get no less than six hours of solar per day and has wonderful drainage, because the roots might be vulnerable to rot if left in standing water. Dig a gap twice as broad because the rootball however solely as deep. Planting one among these in a too-deep gap could delay flowering. 

Develop

As a houseplant, bird-of-paradise is a low-maintenance plant that gives a number of visible enchantment with minimal consideration. Within the backyard, it’s fairly simple to take care of, supplied that it will get ample daylight and has the correct soil circumstances.

Gentle

A sunlit bird-of-paradise flower resembling a vibrant bird. Its bright colors shine in sunlight, resembling a tropical avian creature against a backdrop of blurred, sunlit leaves, complementing its natural habitat.
Out of doors or indoor, bird-of-paradise crops thrive with no less than six hours of direct daylight.

The quantity of solar your plant would require relies upon strongly on the local weather. As a houseplant, bird-of-paradise crops can survive for transient durations of partial solar, however realistically, if you’d like your plant to flourish, it would want no less than six hours of direct daylight. With ample mild, there’s a likelihood that your plant will flower indoors. 

As a backyard plant, birds of paradise solely develop in a slim vary. Nevertheless, there are disparities between tropical zone 11 and subtropical zone 9, which needs to be addressed. For essentially the most half, this can be a full-sun plant. Nevertheless, in extremely popular climates, afternoon shade can save your plant from sunburned leaves. 

In case you are planting your chook of paradise outdoor, the perfect mild choice is to have it in full solar for many of the morning. When you plan to put this plant in partial shade, the shade needs to be later within the day.

Water

A person wearing a gray sweater and transparent gloves watering a Bird-of-Paradise plant with a water hose in a garden setting. The water streams gently onto the lush green leaves and orange flowers, nurturing them.
Indoor bird-of-paradise crops want watering each 1-2 weeks.

As a houseplant, watering is really helpful each one to 2 weeks, relying on the season and the quantity of daylight your plant receives. The extra mild your plant will get, the extra usually it would have to be watered. My houseplants additionally want much more water in the summertime months when they’re actively rising. 

Use the soil to information how usually your chook of paradise must be watered. Permit the soil to dry out on the highest earlier than watering it once more.

Outside, as soon as this plant is established, it’s unlikely to want supplemental water besides in drought. Within the case of low rainfall, water your plant each one to 2 weeks. 

Soil

A close-up of fertile, damp soil containing earthworms. A hand cradles the soil, highlighting its moisture and organic content. The earthworms signify a thriving ecosystem, enhancing soil quality through decomposition and nutrient circulation.
They thrive in well-draining, organically wealthy soil that maintains moisture with out changing into waterlogged.

Birds of paradise should not choosy about their soil. They adapt to most soil circumstances and pH ranges so long as there’s correct drainage and your plant’s roots aren’t sitting in moist soil for a chronic period of time. 

Ideally, the soil you plant your chook of paradise in needs to be organically wealthy and loamy with some coarse sand or perlite combined in. You need the soil to carry moisture however drain properly. 

Temperature and Humidity

A Bird-of-Paradise flower with green leaves resembling large blades. The leaves arch elegantly, showcasing glossy textures. Adjacent ferns complement the tropical setting, adding lushness and diversity to the environment.
Birds-of-paradise tolerate transient chilly spells however thrive in temperatures above 55°F.

Birds-of-paradise are surprisingly cold-tolerant for a quick time. The roots and foliage can deal with brief durations of temperatures as little as 24°F. The flowers and buds should not prone to recuperate from temperatures beneath freezing. 

Ideally, your plant might be happiest spending nights above 55°F and days at 70° or hotter. It prefers comparatively excessive humidity however will survive at a standard family humidity degree.

Nevertheless, a bit of additional humidity will preserve this plant at its finest. Giving your plant a pebble tray, humidifier, or a spot within the rest room are all good methods so as to add humidity. 

Fertilizing

A close-up of hands cradle a mound of nitrogen fertilizer granules, their white color contrasting sharply. The blurred background reveals additional granules, emphasizing the abundance. The hands suggest care and intentionality in the application of the essential plant nutrient.
Birds-of-paradise thrive with common fertilization throughout progress however want much less in winter.

Chook-of-Paradise is what one would possibly name a heavy feeder. You’ll be able to fertilize your plant each two to a few weeks throughout the rising season. Reduce to as soon as per 30 days within the winter when your plant will develop much less, use much less water, and wish fewer vitamins. 

Use a fertilizer with a balanced ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. This plant will reply properly to manure and blood meal as fertilizers as properly. For indoor crops, use a water-soluble fertilizer.

Upkeep

Orange and yellow Bird-of-Paradise flowers amidst lush, large leaves. The striking blooms stand out against a backdrop of blurred tree leaves, offering a captivating contrast of colors and shapes in nature’s design.
Pruning your bird-of-paradise isn’t obligatory if it’s wholesome, however trim any broken leaves near the bottom.

After blooming, you could wish to clear up the looks of your plant by deadheading the spent flowers. Use a clear set of loppers to take away all the flower stem as shut as doable to the bottom. If one other flower types on the identical stalk, chorus from slicing it off. Merely reduce off the spent flower on the flower’s base. 

In case your plant seems wholesome, there’s little cause to do every other pruning. As a houseplant, the chook of paradise will develop extra slowly, and you will notice fewer leaves die again. Within the backyard, you may even see a leaf right here and there flip brown due to harm or dry and chilly climate. Trim these again as shut as doable to the bottom. 

Birds-of-paradise may be arduous pruned if there’s important harm to the foliage and can regrow if you don’t reduce all the way in which to the bottom. Depart about one foot of progress from the bottom up, and the plant’s crown will proceed to develop new leaves. 

Propagation

A close-up of a White Flowered Banana flower with elegant white and black hues, showcasing its intricate petals and contrasting tones. Adjacent to the bloom, the robust stems and broad leaves contribute to the plant's overall tropical allure.
Divide the rhizomes to propagate and develop extra crops.

Birds-of-paradise are simple to propagate, however one of the simplest ways to take action is to attend till the plant will get giant sufficient to provide offsets. These crops have a clumping behavior, rising from rhizomes. They ship out new offsets yearly, which may be separated, relocated, or repotted. 

The perfect time to propagate is early spring when new shoots are simply forming. In case your indoor plant is rising sooner than you anticipated and you’ll want to divide the plant at one other time of 12 months, don’t fear. Your plant will nonetheless recuperate. Timing is extra vital for out of doors crops. 

Since bird-of-paradise crops won’t develop roots from cuttings, eradicating a portion of the tuber or rhizome is vital when dividing your plant. You will want to take away the plant from its pot and use a pointy knife or device to slice via the rhizome, leaving each or all sections with some leaves and a few roots connected. 

Propagating by seed is often not achieved by house gardeners. Rising these crops from seed is usually a very lengthy, arduous course of that ends in crops that will take as much as three years to provide flowers.

Frequent Issues

When the circumstances of its atmosphere are lower than optimum, Chook-of-Paradise crops may be vulnerable to some points. Typically, although, these crops are fairly powerful and slightly resilient when one thing unfavorable impacts them. Preserving your plant fed and properly cared for is all the time the perfect protection, as a robust plant can resist and heal higher than a sickly one. 

Root Rot

Roots shaped like a pot on a white tiled floor, highlighting root rot. Adjacent to it is a black pot and scattered soil is visible on the floor. The presence of decay is evident in the exposed roots.
They’re liable to fungal root rot attributable to sensitivity to overwatering.

The most typical concern for this plant is fungal root rot. This plant has tuberous roots which are delicate to overwatering. If the plant is constantly overwatered, and the roots stay moist for an extended time period, the outer protecting of the tubers will break down, and decaying matter within the potting medium may cause the roots to rot. 

That is simply averted by planting your Chook of Paradise in soil that has good drainage the place water won’t gather for lengthy durations. As a houseplant, this may be averted by giving your plant correct drainage and solely watering when the highest of the soil is dry.

Leaf Spot

A close-up of a green leaf with prominent yellow and brown patches, signaling leaf spot disease. The discoloration is concentrated along the leaf's veins, showing signs of fungal infection and deterioration.
Chook-of-paradise is susceptible to leaf spot ailments from micro organism or fungi, which thrive in moist circumstances.

Leaf spot illness may be attributable to micro organism or fungus and is often unfold equally. Lots of the pathogens that trigger leaf spots are waterborne or airborne and develop when moisture is ample. For a humidity-loving plant just like the bird-of-paradise, this may be tough.

If you water your plant, don’t moist the foliage. As an alternative, water solely the soil. Sustaining good air circulation round your plant can also be important for avoiding leaf spot ailments. In case your plant turns into too dense, it’s a good suggestion to divide and repot the crops to take care of area for air to flow into and preserve the leaves dry. 

Pests

A close-up of white mealybugs cluster densely on the green stem, their tiny bodies covered in a powdery substance resembling cotton. These insects, with segmented bodies and soft filaments, gather around nodes and leaves for sustenance.
Chook-of-paradise is often immune to many pests, however look ahead to scale, spider mites, and mealybugs.

For essentially the most half, birds-of-paradise should not a favourite amongst bugs that prefer to feed on crops, however they might strike often. Search for scale, spider mites, and mealybugs, and deal with with neem oil should you see indicators of infestation.

Bacterial Wilt

White flowered banana flowers bloom alongside expansive leaves, a picturesque scene disrupted by the onset of discoloration and drying. The gradual browning of select leaves indicates the infiltration of bacterial wilt.
Resembling root rot, bacterial wilt is attributable to soil micro organism.

Bacterial wilt seems an terrible lot like root rot as soon as it begins to set into the crown of your plant. Moderately than being attributable to a fungus, it’s micro organism within the soil that causes this concern. Bacterial wilt will manifest as wilting leaves, yellowing on the base of the stems, and black discoloration close to the plant’s crown.

As soon as it reaches the extent seen within the soil, your plant is just not prone to survive, so prevention is the perfect drugs for bacterial wilt. Maintain the soil draining properly, and don’t overwater your plant. These will go a great distance in defending your plant from a number of evils. 

White Flowered Banana

A close-up of white-flowered banana blooms with lush foliage, basking in the sunlight. The blossoms exhibit stunning white sepals, contrasting vividly against deep purple spathes. In the backdrop, a serene lake glistens under the sunlight, nestled amidst a mountain.
This thrives in tropical out of doors gardens however isn’t fitted to indoor progress.
botanical-name
botanical identify


Strelitzia alba
sun-requirements
solar necessities


Full solar to partial shade
height
peak


as much as 30’
hardiness-zones
hardiness zones


11th of September

Alba is the tallest of the Birds-of-Paradise. Reaching as much as 30 ft tall, this one doesn’t do properly indoors however makes a surprising assertion within the tropical out of doors backyard. This selection is discovered within the wild in southern Africa and Madagascar.

Mountain Wild Banana

A close-up of a mountain wild banana flower's sepals in a pristine white hue, standing out distinctly alongside the dark, black spathe. The backdrop features the sturdy trunk and leaves, providing a serene setting for this exquisite bloom.
Mountain Wild Banana is discovered wild within the southern African mountains.
botanical-name
botanical identify


Stralitzia caudata
sun-requirements
solar necessities


Full solar to partial shade
height
peak


as much as 20’
hardiness-zones
hardiness zones


11th of September

S. caudata is one other tree-sized bird-of-paradise that reaches upward to twenty ft tall at maturity. It’s generally present in mountainous areas of southern Africa, together with South Africa, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe. The flowers on this species are white tufted with black, beak-like buildings.

Frequent Chook-of-Paradise

Bird-of-Paradise flowers emerge from lush, broad, deep green leaves. Each flower displays a unique arrangement of orange and blue hues. In the backdrop, an array of plants and flowers creates a beautiful, blurred tapestry.
The favored S. reginae has vibrant orange and purple flowers.
botanical-name
botanical identify


Strelitzia reginae
sun-requirements
solar necessities


Full solar to partial shade
height
peak


6’
hardiness-zones
hardiness zones


11th of September

The most typical and widespread species, S. reginae, is a surprising plant that reaches solely six ft tall and has broad, banana-like leaves. The flowers on this species are good orange and purple and stand out splendidly towards the sleek inexperienced foliage. 

Slender Leaf Chook-of-Paradise

A detailed close-up of a Narrow Leaf Bird-of-Paradise flower, showcasing vibrant orange sepals and striking blue petals. In the blurred background, tall stems of the same plant add depth and context.
This smaller chook of paradise has straplike leaves and works properly in borders.
botanical-name
botanical identify


Strelitzia juncea
sun-requirements
solar necessities


Full solar to partial shade
height
peak


6’
hardiness-zones
hardiness zones


11th of September

The Slender Leaf seems similar to S. reginae, besides that its leaves are slim and straplike, versus the banana-like leaves of its kinfolk. This can be a smaller species that makes a really good border for your tropical backyard and an ideal houseplant as properly. The flowers make wonderful reduce flowers, too!

Often Requested Questions

Your plant’s leaves could curl on account of dehydration or due to excessive temperature shifts. If the climate abruptly modifications, you may even see the perimeters of your bird-of-paradise leaves start to curve inward.

The almost certainly perpetrator of a chook of paradise not blooming is an absence of sunshine. These crops like loads of daylight, and that may be troublesome indoors. Be certain that your plant will get no less than six hours of direct solar day by day.

Strelitzia nicolai and Strelitzia reginae are the perfect species for rising as houseplants.

Remaining Ideas

Chook-of-Paradise is a hanging and distinctive tropical plant that makes a superb houseplant. You don’t must stay in a tropical local weather to take pleasure in this lovely plant. All you want is a shiny, sunny window for it to develop, thrive, and bloom in your house. 

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