The Dickin Medal
The PDSA Dickin Medal was created by Maria Dickin, a social reformer and animal welfare pioneer, to award animals for his or her courageous acts throughout wartime. It’s acknowledged worldwide because the animals’ Victoria Cross. Solely 60 animals have obtained the Dickin Medal: 32 pigeons, 31 canines, three horses, and one cat.
The Dickin Medal acknowledges “excellent acts of bravery or devotion to obligation displayed by animals.” The medal reads: “For Gallantry” and “We additionally Serve.” It excluded any animals from the First World Struggle as a result of it was instituted in 1943. Nonetheless, in 2014, the warfare horse Warrior was chosen to signify the function that all animals performed within the First World Struggle and was awarded the one Honorary PDSA Dickin Medal so far.
Warrior the Horse
Warrior was the horse of Captain Jack Seely in the course of the First World Struggle. Seely and Warrior served all through all the warfare, from 1914 to 1918. They survived among the warfare’s bloodiest and most well-known battles: Ypres, the Somme, Passchendaele and Cambrai. Seely and Warrior led males of the Canadian Cavalry Brigade in lots of battles, together with the Battle of Moreuil Wooden, one of many final main assaults to finish the warfare. Warrior survived quite a few near-death assaults that ought to have ended his life. Seely as soon as mentioned that the primary time they rode into battle, Warrior didn’t flip and attempt to run away: “He was pretending to be courageous and succeeded in his activity.”
It was Warrior’s nice bravery and energy that led him to be the consultant for all animals who served within the First World Struggle.
Learn extra about Warrior’s story, right here.
Gander the Canine
A canine named “Pal” is now remembered as one in every of Canada’s most notable animals to serve in the course of the Second World Struggle.
He was welcomed to the Royal Rifles of Canada and accepted as their new mascot, and since they have been stationed on the Gander Airport in Newfoundland, they renamed him “Gander.”
In the course of the Second World Struggle, the Royal Rifles of Canada and the Winnipeg Grenadiers have been despatched out to assist shield the British colony of Hong Kong from invasion by Japanese forces who had wished to seize China.
Sergeant Gander helped the Royal Rifles on three events. Twice Gander’s assaults halted the enemy’s advance and guarded teams of wounded troopers. Within the final, Gander was killed in a closing act of loyalty and bravado, choosing up a grenade thrown at Canadian troops, working with it towards the enemy. Sergeant Gander saved the lives of a number of wounded troopers, and with out his intervention many extra lives would have been misplaced.
After the warfare, Sergeant Gander was commemorated with the Dickin Medal, and is listed on the Hong Kong Veterans Memorial in Ottawa. Statues of Gander and his handler have been unveiled in Gander Heritage Memorial Park in Gander, Newfoundland in July 2015.
Learn extra about Gander’s story.
Learn extra tales of animals in warfare on our weblog.
Study extra about Canadian army mascots right here.